APWH unit 2 study guides

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Legalism dominant belief system of the Qin rulers.
Qin Shihuangdi first emperor recentralized various feudal kingdoms that had split apart at the end of the Zhou Dynasty standardized all the laws, currencies, weights, measures, and systems of writing; refused to tolerate any dissent whatsoever burn books and kill scholars if dissent occurred in the book or mind.
Confucianism
emerged in the classical period; emphasized education as the key to moral improvement. became the most important element fo Chinese education and culture for many centuries.
Analects
A collection of short literary or philosophical extracts
What statement best describes the Confucian attitude toward the past?
The past was a golden age that modern people should strive to restore. ren Confucian virtue denoting the good feeling a virtuous human experiences when being altruistic. 仁 is exemplified by a normal adult's protective feelings for children. It is considered the inward expression of Confucian ideals
Filial piety
Respect owed to one's parents and ancestors
Secular
Denoting attitudes, activities, or other things that have no religious or spiritual basis: "secular buildings"
Daoism
downplays a hierarchical system dominated by men in favor of the notion of balance and the complementary nature of the sexes.
Dao
"The Way"
Vedas
(1500-600 BCE)
Upanishads
(800-400BCE)
Atman
Principle of Life
Brahmin
members part of India's priestly caste
Buddhism
"Life is suffering" is the most central teaching of the Buddha, who taught that people should live modest and moral lives combined with meditation to free themselves from craving for individual fulfillment and thus from suffering.
Siddhartha Gautama
(ca. 566 - ca. 486 BCE) came to be known as the Buddha
Nirvana
freedom from the endless cycle of personal reincarnations, with their consequent suffering, as a result of the extinction of individual passion, hatred, and delusion: attained by the Arhat as his goal but

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