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a&p case study
There are many various conditions and diseases affecting the endocrine system. Here we will discuss several and describe the endocrine gland, hormone, target tissue, symptoms, causes, and treatment options. The human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) test is done to check for the hormone hCG in blood or urine (Staff, 2012). The hCG hormone is made during pregnancy by the placenta or can be abnormally made by certain tumors. The hCG test can be performed to test if a woman is pregnant or not, as part of a screening test for birth defects, in a woman who may have abnormal tissue growth in her uterus, a molar pregnancy, or a cancer in the uterus rather than a normal pregnancy. HCG levels can even be measured in a man to see whether he has cancer of the testicles or not. HCG helps to maintain your pregnancy and affects the development of the baby. A condition in which the pituitary gland releases too much adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) is Cushing disease. Cushing is caused by a tumor or excess growth of the pituitary gland. The ACTH released stimulates production and release of cortisol, a stress hormone. With Cushing disease the excess ACTH being released causes the glands to make too much cortisol. Some symptoms of this disease are upper body obesity, acne, backache, collection of fat between the shoulders, weak muscles, fatigue, and mental changes. Treatment involves surgery to remove the pituitary tumor, and then the pituitary gland may slowly start to work again and return to normal. A disease just the opposite of Cushing’s disease is Addison’s disease. Addison’s disease is a disorder that occurs when your body produces insufficient amounts of certain hormones produced by the adrenal glands. This causes too little cortisol and often insufficient levels of aldosterone. Addison’s disease is also known as adrenal insufficiency and can occur in all age groups and affects both sexes equally. Taking hormones to replace the insufficient amounts being made by


Bibliography: Medline Plus . (2014, May 16). Retrieved May 28, 2014, from NLM: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000348.htm National Institute on Drug Abuse . (2006, August ). Retrieved May 29, 2014, from National Institute on Drug Abuse : http://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/research-reports/anabolic-steroid-abuse/what-treatments-are-effective-anabolic-steroid-abuse Smart Publications . (2014). Retrieved May 30, 2014, from Smart Publications : http://www.smart-publications.com/articles/oxytocin-the-real-love-hormone Staff, H. (2012, April 4). AOG Dalton. Retrieved May 28, 2014, from AOG Dalton : http://www.aogdalton.com/health-library/hw-view.php?DOCHWID=hw42062 Staff, M. C. (1998-2014). Mayo Clinic . Retrieved May 29, 2014, from Mayo Clnic : http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/addisons-disease/basics/causes/con-20021340 Virtual Medical Centre . (2014, January 24). Retrieved May 29 2014, 2014, from Virtual Medical Centre : http://www.myvmc.com/diseases/congenital-hypothyroidism-cretinism/

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