WMLiS Model United Nations 2014 - Population Control Chair Report

Topics: Demography, Human rights, Population Pages: 5 (1756 words) Published: March 31, 2015
Structuring Worldwide Resource Distribution and Population Control Eri Zhong 钟尔灵
Katherine Wei 魏嘉奕
Alan Wang 汪一鼎
Introduction
In this modern age, we must prepare our world for the next generation and ensure our descendants have adequate resources to thrive on our Blue Planet. With the pressures of an expanding population ahead, it is the direct responsibility of the General Assembly to take initiative in foreseeing an end to this multigenerational stressor.

Topic Background
The world’s population started to accelerate in the middle of the 18th century with the advent of the Industrial Revolution, associated with the developments in agriculture. In fact, population growth is now concentrated in the developing regions of Asia, Africa, and Latin America, which accounted for "85 percent of the increase of global population since 1950". However, in the developed world (North America, Europe, Russia, and Oceania), birth rates have declined and gradually stabilized.

Each year the number of human beings increases, but the amount of natural resources with which to sustain this population remains finite. The gap between the population and resources is immense because much of the population is highly concentrated in developing and low-income countries, which many governments do not have the ability to provide basic living conditions for their citizens. Due to the limited resources on earth and in various countries, it is vital for all the nations unite together to control the population growth

Population growth is the rate of increase in the size of a given area, such as a city, country or continent. It is also closely connected to fertility, which is the rate at which women produce offspring. High fertility is concentrated in few countries and is prevalent "among the 49 least developed countries, 31 of which had fertility levels above 5 children per woman around 2005." Low fertility is seen in several examples of the world’s most developed countries; in many cases such nations fail to produce even one child per family unit. The factor of fertility plays an overwhelming role in the

Total fertility, contraceptive prevalence and selected indicators of reproductive health in the less developed regions, 1970-2005 (http://www.un.org/esa/population/publications/UNPD_policybriefs/UNPD_policy_brief1.pdf)

Past Actions
Population control is firstly and mostly based on personal will while government and authoritative forces in certain regions may implement birth control. However, due to the human rights, native laws and religious restrictions, unwanted pregnancies caused by irresponsible sexual acts are not allowed to be aborted. Uncontrollable high birth rates in certain areas endanger the worldwide increasing population. China

One Child Policy is a nationwide mandatory implementation in use by the Chinese government since 1979. Chinese authorities have claimed the policy is effective and workable. For example, the Chinese government states that 400 million births were prevented by the one-child policy as of 2011.

However, this policy is controversial both within and outside China because of the manners of implementation and subsequent negative social influence. As only one child is allowed per family, abortion which extensively hurt the health of female is enforced onto pregnant women who have unwanted or unexpected child. According to a 1968 proclamation of the International Conference on Human Rights, "Parents have a basic human right to determine freely and responsibly the number and the spacing of their children." The One Child Policy itself has challenged the basic human rights and opposed the individual intentions of parents.

China, a traditional Asian agricultural country, has a palpable son preference which leads to female infanticide and sexual imbalance which commits social chaos. It is believed that sons are more helpful to farm work and they are preferred as they provide the primary financial...
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