Will e-Government root out corruption in India ?
Harsh Vardhan Shukla, IIIT – Hyderabad , India. *
Keywords: e-government, corruption, case study, bhoomi, CARD, Sukaryan, CVC, E-seva. Abstract:
This paper studies the potential and capability of e-Government to rule out corruption in governing system of India. It introduces e-government and corruption problems in the country and the discuss how e-government can be directed towards combating with corruption. Several examples have been discussed regarding use of e-government in the past to diminish corruption and their success rate. This paper also discuss about the challenges that is faced during ICT implementation in the system.
The authors conclude that e-governance can be a lethal weapon to fight corruption in developing countries and can help achieve societal harmony.
A. E-Government :
Technology has played a significant role in improving lifestyle of people by globalization of trade, improvement in health facilities, communication and many other advancements to make life easy. Thus, modern communication technologies or information and communications technologies (ICT) have been credited with not only improving efficiency or productivity in the business world but also with improving the standard of living for global citizens. Recently many countries aroud the world have utilized ICT as an attempt to efficiently provide information and governmental services to the population. The use of ICT to provid information to citizen and to connect citizens to gvernment has been called e-governance or e-Govenrment.
Wikipedia definition for e-Government is : E-Government (short for electronic government , also known as e-gov, Internet government, digital government, online government, or connected government) is digital interactions between a government and citizens (G2C), government and businesses/Commerce (G2B), government and employees (G2E), and also between government and governments /agencies (G2G). As described by Mr. Suresh Chandra in his lecture, vision of e-Government is “ To provide citizens services in most efficient and convinient manner by improving the way government worls by Reengineerig the technologically empowering Government Processes.
B. Corruption :
Corruption in sense of politics and government is the use of power by government officials for illegitimate private gain. Main and popular form of corruptions are :
i. Bribery: A bribe is a payment given personally to a government official in exchange of his use of official powers. This act is called bribery.
ii. Trading in Influence : Trading in influence, or influence peddling, refers a person selling his/her influence over the decision making process to benefit a third party (person or institution). iii. Patronage: Patronage refers to favoring supporters, for example with government employment. iv. Nepotism: Favoring relatives (nepotism) or personal friends (cronyism) of an official is a form of illegitimate private gain.
v. Electoral Fraud: Electoral fraud is illegal interference with the process of an election.
vi. Embezzlement: Electoral fraud is illegal interference with the process of an election. Similarly many more forms of corruption exists throughot the world. The activities that constitute illegal corruption differ depending on the country or jurisdiction. For instance, some political funding practices that are legal in one place may be illegal in another. Worldwide, bribery alone is estimated to involve over 1 trillion US dollars annually. A state of unrestrained political corruption is known as a kleptocracy, literally meaning "rule by thieves". The work of Rose-Ackerman (1978, 1994) and Klitgaard (1995a, 1995b) is especially pertinent here. Professor Klitgaard’s and Rose Ackerman’s corruption framework is succinctly summarized in the following equation. Corruption = Monopoly + Discretion – Transparency (in...
References: a. An Empirical Analysis of the relationship between e-government and corruption by Jamshed J Mistry and Abu
b. Role of E-Governance in Tackling Corruption and Achieving Societal Harmony: Indian Experience by Dr.
c. Transparency and Corruption: Does E-Government Help? by Subhash Bhatnagar.
d. E-gov projects to reduce corruption and improve entrepreneurship by Manan Kakkar.
e. E-governance to weed out corruption by Sreejiraj Eluvangal
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