Wildlife Conservation includes all human efforts to perserve wild animals from extinction. It involves the protection and wise management of wild species and their environment.
Some species have become extinct due to natural causes, but the greatest danger to wildlife results from human activities. Thus, we ourselves have created this need for wildlife conservation.
The progress of man throughout has been beneficial for the human race but it is the wildlife that has suffered through the years. Invention of sophisticated weapons, industrialization, urbanization, ever increasing human population have been some of the major causes for the dwindle of our once rich resource.
Hunting, clearing of forests, draining of swamps and damming of rivers for irrigation and industry this is what we appraise of man's progress. These activities have vastly reduced the natural habitats of our wildlife and many species are endangered or nearly extinct.
Man's indifference and ignorance has led him to believe that he is independent of natural laws and of natural environments and forgets that he himself is a biological being and is directly and/or indirectly dependent on the natural resources available to him.
He exploits, destroys and reduces the renewable natural resources, eradicates wildlife and leads his own race to levels leading to catastrophe. All this can be put to an end by careful long-range ecological planning.
Along with the topic of conservation arises a question-Why should be care about disappearing animals? The answer to such a question can be attributed to many reasons. Some of them are as follows:
Every species plays an important role in maintaining an ecological balance among the living systems of the earth. These systems must continue to function if life is to survive. Loss of any species threatenes the survival of several species inclusive of man. Man's own survival depends on his willingness and ability to co-operate