Why Shouldn't We Be Selfish?

Topics: Ethical egoism, Ayn Rand, Morality Pages: 2 (682 words) Published: June 15, 2005
Why Shouldn't We Be Selfish?

Selfishness is an act that humans innately have implanted within them. Ayn Rand being a rational egoist had many moral beliefs, one being especially about selfishness. She believed that: "Self-interest, properly understood, is the standard of morality and selflessness is the deepest immorality."( Ayn Rand 279) This basically emphasizes that you should see oneself, as an end to oneself. A person's own life and happiness are their highest values, and that they don't exist as servants or slaves to the interests of others. In the same way, others as well don't exist as servants or slaves to a person's own interests. Each person's own life and happiness is his/her crucial end. Ayn Rand, Aristotle, and Frederick Nietzsche all had theories behind this, which was that Humans are innately selfish. Threw out society today all humans are selfish and it is proven by these philosophers that it is naturally developed and there is no cure to prevent it.

Ayn Rand, a great Russian philosopher, once questioned why shouldn't one be selfish. Ayn Rand responded to that question with her theory which she called objectivist ethics. This theory states that humans are innately selfish. "Everyone does what they really want to do otherwise, they wouldn't do it".(Ayn rand 66) Rand believed that humans are rational beings and maintained the idea that rational people will help others if they get something in return. This idea is a voluntary co-operation, which applies to dealings with trade and justice. It also applies to human relationships. In developing her theory she criticized the ethics of altruism, which says that people should act out of selfish concern for others. Ayn Rand says in her book called "The Virtue of Selfishness" that the proper method of judging when one should help another person is by reference to one's own rational self-interest and one's own hierarchy of values. Ayn Rand followed Aristotle's point of...
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