What If Monotheism Never Made It to History?

Topics: Monotheism, Judaism, God Pages: 5 (2118 words) Published: October 2, 2012
The word Monotheism means the belief in a singular God, in contrast to Polytheism which is the belief in several deities. In today’s time most of the religions that the people of the world only believe in one soul being. That being is the most power of any and everything that has be created. The main religions that you have in the world today are Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. These are the main monotheist religions that exist today. Most people do not relize that these religions are very similar to each other. There are not that many differences with in the three. Out of the 7 billion people in the world 1,943,169,634 people only believe in a single God.

So how did Monotheism come in to play like it did and take such a huge effect on world in such a fast pace and being effective as it was? Some writers such as Karen Armstrong believe that the concept of monotheism sees a gradual development out of notions of henotheism worshiping a single god while accepting the existence or possible existence of other deities, but the recognition of the existence of many gods, but with the consistent worship of only one deity. However, the historical incidences of monotheism are so rare, that it's difficult to support any theory of the natural progression of religions from polytheism to henotheism to monotheism. Two examples of monolatrism developing from polytheism are the Aten cult in the reign of the Egyptian pharaoh Akhenaten, as well as the rise of Marduk from the tutelary of Babylon to the claim of universal supremacy. (Traditions and Encounters; Ziegler, Herbert pg. 40) In Iran, Zoroastrianism, Ahura Mazda appears as a supreme and transcendental deity. Depending on the date of Zoroaster (usually placed in the early Iron Age), this may be one of the earliest documented instances of the emergence of monism in an Indo-European religion. In the ancient Near East, each city had a local patron deity, such as Shamash at Larsa or Sin at Ur. The first claims of global supremacy of a specific god date to the Late Bronze Age, with Akhenaten's Great Hymn to the Aten. This is speculatively connected to Judaism by Sigmund Freud in his Moses and Monotheism. However the date of the Exodus is disputed, and it is not definitive whether the setting of the biblical Exodus event is prior to or following Akhenaten's reign. Furthermore it is not clear to what extent Akhenaten's Atenism was monotheistic rather than henotheistic with Akhenaten himself identified with the god Aten. Currents of monism or monotheism emerge in Vedic India earlier, with the Nasadiya Sukta. In the Indo-Iranian tradition, the Rigveda exhibits notions of monism, in particular in the comparatively late tenth book, also dated to the early Iron Age, in the Nasadiya sukta. Ethical monotheism and the associated concept of absolute good and evil emerge in Zoroastrianism and Judaism, later culminating in the doctrines of Christology in early Christianity and later by the 7th century in the tawhid in Islam. In Islamic theology, a person who spontaneously "discovers" monotheism is called a ḥanīf, the original ḥanīf being Abraham.

So if the Egyptians would not have believed in a soul God. Would the world still believe in polytheism? The Egyptians said that the god ATEN= “sole god like whom there is no other.” But when the ruler over Egypt during this period died ATEN was dismissed from the culture. Although from this culture arose the Jews. Their belief in God will start the big three religions that the world knows today.

First, starting with the Jewish culture really the Jews can take the claim of being the religion that started the belief that the other two religions knew and still to this day known as yawah or God or Allah. But according to their tradition, the Jewish people originated from the Israelites of the Southern Levant, who had several independent states before being overtaken first by the Assyrian and Babylonian Empires and later the Roman Empire, with a large portion...
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