Water shortage problem is when humans or living creatures suffer from a scarcity of water another definition for water shortage is either the lack of enough water or lack of access to safe water and it happens because of the dreadful use of water and polluting rivers, oceans and lakes. Water is the reason for our existence; Water everywhere on the planet is a basic part of the global hydrologic cycle, it's a finite resource. The amount of water supply in the global hydrologic cycle does not increase. Humans share the Earth with other creatures who also need water to live and survive, so water shortage is not only a problem for humans only but also against wildlife and nature. Many countries around the world are suffering from a water shortage problem. This paper will contain analyzing this problem, the causes of water shortage and its effects on our life, and a solution that will help us avoid and overcome the water shortage problem. All the living creatures on Earth need water to live. However, humans pollute and waste it carelessly. "A standard of living adequate for the health and well-being of himself and his family" (Article 25, Universal Declaration of Human Rights) more than a fifth of the world’s inhabitants don't have enough of it. The problem of water accessibility is most serious in Africa and West Asia. If water use continues at its current rate, by 2025 two out of three people will not have enough water for their necessary requirements. First, the population growth is a major cause for the water shortage since, the world population tripled during the 20th century according to the World Water Council; this huge population growth has over-stretched the available fresh water resources leading the world to water scarcity. According to the UK government’s chief scientist by 2030, world population is expected to hit 8.3 billion causing a 30 percent increase in the demand for fresh drinking water a resource that...
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