Village Panchayat

Topics: Panchayati raj, Local government in India, Panch Pages: 2 (437 words) Published: September 30, 2010

The present village Panchayat is a kind of local self-Government. The system has three objects. One is to make the villagers better habituated

with the exercise of franchise.The second is to relieve the Government from the details of the local affairs. The third is to let the people manage

their own affairs.

Old system of the Village Panchayat and it decay:

In the pretty old time there were village Panchayats in India. They were very powerful organizations. They were virtually ruling over the village

according to the customary laws. During the Mughal period the village Panchayats remained unaffected. Because the Mughal Emperors and the

Mughal Chiefs were satisfied with the collection of revenue and taxes. They did not trouble about the local administration. But during the British

period the Indian village Panchayats were completely inactive and runied. Because the British administration was very strong and was

penetrating into every nook and corner of the country. The British Government founded the system of union-president to know the view of the

public. But the union presidents played into the hands of the thana officers. Hence the old panchayat system was completely ruined.

The present system of village Panchayat:

The present system of village Panchayat has been introduced by the Government of India. It is according to the Directory Principles of the Indian

Constitution. Accordingly, a Panchayat organized for every group of villages. This Panchayat consists of a President or Sarpanch,

Vice-President or Naib-Sarpanch and some members. The Sarpanch is directly elected by the voters. The Government has assigned certain

local taxes to Panchayat for its maintenance. The Government bears the deficit. The Government does many of its welfare schemes through the

village Panchayats. The Government is encouraging the Panchayats to work better. The best Panchayat is awarded a rich cash-prize to found...
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