Topics: Management, Sustainability, Project management Pages: 10 (3249 words) Published: January 3, 2013
Community Planning, Disaster Risk Management and
Community-based Resource Management

Bernabe, Jan Michael

Busilan , Yula

Carillo, Jackylene

Garcia, Benjamin

Go, Lindsley

Hayuhay, Ever I Nessa

Community -based coastal Resource Management (CBCRM)
Community -based coastal Resource Management (CBCRM) is an all-inclusive practice or strategy that involves the active involvement and participation of people or the community as a whole in the management process of the coastal resources where they rely upon for their everyday needs. CBCRM addresses muli-faceted problems of the community through the use of the proper control of resource management as also mentioned by the International Institute of Rural Reconstruction stating that CBCRM is a conscious effort for the "community" to have control . CBCRM is also a process through which coastal communities are authorized politically and economically so that they can affirm and put on fair and legal right to use and have control over their coastal resources. Principles of CBRM

The community development process, ideally, should start within itself. However, due to the disempowered situation, communities are stuck with their ways, unable to change themselves. Therefore, as a general guideline for the communities, CBRM principles are practiced namely Empowerment, Equity, Ecological Soundness and Sustainable Development, Respect for traditional/ indigenous knowledge and gender fairness

Empowerment allows for the development of the power of the community to exercise their own resources. It enables the community to enrich what they have and be able to secure a livelihood of their own. This also helps the country by enhancing the economy. This however is usually coupled with the government agencies.

Equity on the other hand comes along with social justice. Both concepts are brought about through empowerment and active participation in the planning and implementation of community based resource management projects. There should be equal access to opportunities among people and among classes. This implies that the people has a share in the decision making process with the social classes like agencies involved. Equity applies in situations when for instance; fishermen have equal right to use the resources, to benefit from it, and to partake in activities that would promote development, protection and management of coastal resources. With this, CBCRM embarks on equity for the future generation by sustaining and ensuring protection and conservation of the coastal resources by the present generation. Ecological Soundness then implies promotion and providence of CBCRM to coastal communities with technologies and practices that would make lives of people not only easier and more convenient but also ecologically-sound. Sustainable development, on the other hand, means seriously considering the state and nature of the natural environment while pursuing economic development that does not compromise the welfare of future generations. Caring for the environment is integral to the principle of stewardship which recognizes that people are simply guardians of this earth. It is also important to have Respect for traditional/indigenous knowledge of the community. Though CBCRM incorporates and introduces new knowledge and skills for people in a certain community, it takes into consideration the preservation of the culture and tradition of people. As much as possible the activities and processes are done using indigenous knowledge of people as respect for their culture. Lastly, Gender fairness recognizes a fair distribution of roles to men and women when it comes to resource management. Men and women do their responsibility distinctively in a way that both can properly participate and handle activities for the development and progress of their community.

CBRM cycle (process)
For the community-based resource management cycle to be successful,...

References: Ghezae, N., Berlekom, M., Engström, L., Eriksson, M.L., Gallardo, G., Gerhardt, K., Knutsson, P., Malmer, P., Stephansson, E., & von Walter, S. (2009). Sida Studies No. 23: Natural resource tenure – A crucial aspect of poverty reduction and human rights. Stockholm, Sweden: Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (SIDA).
Hajer, M. Towards a new role for spatial planning. 1989. OECD Publication Service. France.
Human Rights Education Association [HREA] (2003). Sustainable Development. Web. 10 October 2011.
.IIRR. 1998. Participatory Methods in Community-based Resource Management. 3 Volumes. International Institute of Rural Reconstruction, Silang Cavite, Philippines.
Manalili, Angelito G. Participatory Project Development and Management. 1990. Manila: Kapatiran-Kaunlaran Foundation, Inc.
Marris, S. The Community Development Reader: History, Themes and Issues .1987. The Policy Press , Great Britain.
Mourad M. & Downie M. A Guide to Community Planning . (1999) Enterprise Foudation, Inc.
PDR-SEA. Community-Based Disaster Management Course (Compilation of Readings)
World Resources Institute (WRI) in collaboration with United Nations Development Programme, United Nations Environment Programme, and World Bank (2005). World Resources 2005: The Wealth of the Poor – Managing Ecosystems to Fight Poverty. Washington, DC: WRI.
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