Move and Position Individuals In Accordance with their Plan Of Care.
1.1 Outline the anatomy and physiology of the human body in relation to the importance of correct moving and positioning of individuals.
The muscles in the human body are attached to the skeleton, when each joint is moved the muscles act like hinges to pull or move that joint into the position needed.
In some IndIviduals they can loose muscle tone this leads to muscles becoming weak and slackened causing movement to be slower and much more difficult than normal, therefore when moving and positioning individuals, it is important to ensure they are not moved more than their muscles and bones are capable of, as muscles can only move the bones as far as the joint will allow.It is important to move and handle the Individual correctly to ensure nerve fibres are not damaged this is because they are very delicate and important, since they send impulses in the body which enable muscles to relax and contract.
1.2 Describe the impact of specific conditions on the correct movement and positioning of an Individual.
People with arthritis have often suffer with stiff, rigid and painful joints, and movement of joints can be limited, it is important to not forcefully move the joints beyond their capabilities in order to prevent pain and discomfort.For Individual's suffering from fractures, the movement should be gentle and careful, and correct procedures must be followed, so as to reduce any further complications to the fracture. Should the individual be bed-bound, the correct hoist and sling must be used. When staff follow appropriate moving and handling techniques, it will reduces the risks of back injury, pain and discomfort to both service user and staff themselves.
2.1 Describe how current legislation and agreed ways of working affect working practices related to moving and positing Individuals.
Each time a carer or support worker moves or handles the weight of a service user