2.2 – Explain how children and young people’s development is influenced by a range of external factors.
I looked at some external factors that influence children and young people’s development and researched the following in detail. www.barnados.org.uk Poverty
Living in a poor family can reduce children’s expectations of their own lives and lead to a cycle where poverty is repeated from generation to generation. As adults they are more likely to suffer ill-health, be unemployed or homeless, and become involved in offending, drug and alcohol abuse and abusive relationships. Tackling poverty is crucial to break the cycle. Education is an imperative key element of this as are the initiatives which involve people in developing skills and finding their own solutions to the problems in their community.
There are many ways in which war affects children and young people. It affects every aspect of their being from physical to psychological. Many children die or become very ill as a result of the physical effects of war. This is due to hospitals and health centres being destroyed and doctors and medical staff being killed or fleeing. Children are most vulnerable to diseases like diarrhoea, malaria and cholera. War has a huge impact on children’s education as war destroys industries and jobs. Parents may be forced to keep their children at home to look after their siblings whilst they go out to work forcing the children out of the education system. An education is the best way out of poverty and therefore is imperative for the development of children and young people. Children and young people suffer psychologically from war as they don’t really have an understanding of what is happening and why. It can affect their ability to establish healthy relationships with their peers or adults. Many children or young people turn to alcohol or drug misuse as a coping mechanism for the way they are feeling. They may have lost a family member or