Understand Physical Disability
Understand the importance of differentiating between the individual and the disability
1.1 Explain the importance of recognising the centrality of the individual rather than the disability It is important you recognise the individuality of the person to help boost their confidence and self-esteem and make sure you aren't labelling them. If you were to label them you would forget their individuality and start thinking they cant do something because of their disability.
1.2 Explain the importance of an assessment being person-centred The level of care a person needs or the type of care they require varies from person-to-person. All assessments should be done with a person-centred approach to agree on a care plan made around the individual and their needs. Just because two people share the same disability this does not mean they require exactly the same level of care and support, so working with a person-centred approach will enable you to identify their individual needs.
1.3 Compare the difference in outcomes that may occur between focusing on an individuals strengths and aspirations rather than their needs only An individual with a disability may find it difficult to do day-to-day things such as wash or dress and will need some support. It is important you also help an individual recognise their strengths to boost confidence and self-esteem as being unable to do simple tasks can affect a persons self-esteem. Having a disability should not determine whether or not their aspirations can be met but careful thinking about how you can help to achieve it.
Understand the concept of physical disability
2.1 Define the term physical disability
Physical disability can be defined as “a physical or mental impairment which has substantial and long-term adverse effect on a person's ability to carry out day-to-day activities”
2.2 Describe the following terminology used in relation to physical disability: Congenital: Congenital can include cerebral palsy, cystic fibrosis, spina bifida, congenital heart conditions, muscular dystrophy, congenital hip disorder Acquired- Acquired disabilities can include arthritis, rheumatism, cardiac conditions, pulmonary conditions from work conditions or smoking eg emphysema, pulmonary fibrosis Neurological- Neurological can include multiple sclerosis, parkinson's disease or stroke.
2.3 Compare a congenital disability with a neurological disability, including causes A person with a congenital disability has always had their disability but a person with a neurological disability as had theirs gradually develop. For example a congenital disability such as cerebral palsy is a condition they would be born with where as a condition such as parkinsons disease is something that would develop with age leading to a diagnosis and treatment plan,
2.4 Explain the emotional impact of a progressive disability on the individual Being diagnosed with a progressive disability is a lot for an individual to take. They have to try and accept that changes are going to happen to them physically and that are out of their control. Disabilities such as Parkinsons disease will effect their use of hands effectively as their muscles stiffen and along with the shaking/tremor makes it difficult to complete just normal tasks such as fastening their button cuffs. Gradually being unable to do things they have always been able to achieve can cause many emotional feelings such as frustration leading to anger at the inability to do things and having to accept they now need help.
2.5 Compare the different impacts on individuals that congenital and progressive can have People believe that those born with a congenital disability are ok as they have always had it so therefore will not know the difference, this is not the case. Those born with a disability may ask the question “why me?”. They will feel they have missed out and although a lot can be done to help...
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