Standard 8 - Understanding health and safety in adult social care settings Standard purpose and aims This standard is aimed at those who are interested in, or new to, working in a social care setting. It introduces knowledge and understanding of areas of health and safety required to work in a social care setting. Main area Roles and responsibilities relating to health and safety in the work setting/situation Outcome: 1.1 Be aware of key legislation relating to health and safety in your work setting/situation 1.2 Understand the main points of the health and safety agreed ways of working in your work setting 1.3 Know the main health and safety responsibilities of: a) You b) Your manager c) The individuals you support 1.4 Know what you can and cannot do relating to general health and safety at your current stage of training 1.5 Know where and from whom additional support and information relating to health and safety can be accessed 1.1 Key legislation relating to general Health and safety in a work setting/situation The framework of legislation is based on Acts of Parliament being passed and Regulations, Codes of Practice and Guidance being made under these to explain, in greater detail, the requirements of the Act itself. • • • • • • •
The Health and Safety at Work Act 1974 (HASWA) Manual Handling Operations Regulations (1992) Managements of Health & Safety at Work Regulations 1992 The Provision of Workplace Equipment Regulations The Management Welfare Regulations The Personal Protective Equipment Regulations Health and Safety (First Aid) Regulations (1981).
The employer has a duty to carry out an assessment to provide suitable first aid arrangements. Employees should be informed of these arrangements. Your
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workplace will have either first-aiders or appointed persons. Their names and location should be displayed on the notice board. •
Food Hygiene Act (1995) The purpose of this legislation is to prevent food poisoning, by ensuring that the food we eat has been prepared and handled safely.
Environmental Protection Act (1990) This act governs how and where waste is disposed of, in order to protect the environment.
RIDDOR – The Reporting of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations (1995) Control of Substances Hazardous to Health Act 2002 The Control of Substances Hazardous to Health Regulations (COSHH) place a responsibility on the employer to ensure that all substances used in their place of work are safe and used correctly.
Hazardous Waste Regulations 2005 Communicable diseases.
Any disease that can be transmitted from one person to another. This may occur by direct physical contact, by common handling of an object that has picked up infective micro organisms, through a disease carrier or by the spread of infected droplets coughed or exhaled into the air. The most dangerous communicable diseases are on the list of notifiable diseases e.g. Meningococalmeningitis. The Public Health (Control of Disease Act 1984) - Doctors must report notifiable disease to Public Health officials. 1.2 The main points of health and safety policies and procedures Organisational safety and security procedures In order to keep the workplace safe and secure, employers write policies and develop procedures to be followed by their employees. The Health and Safety at Work Act (1974) requires employees to draw up a Statement of Health and Safety Policy, to tell all employees about it and to revise it as often as necessary. This applies to all employers who have five or more employees. Health and Safety Policy Statement ‘An employer (of 5 or more people) should prepare (and revise when necessary) a general statement of policy with respect to health and safety at work and in particular outline the organisation and arrangements which have been implemented to ensure that the policy is being carried out’.
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