The Track Record of Nike
How have Materialist economies shaped the social development and standard of living? Alec McLeod-Toussaint
Describe the gap between the developed and the developing nation in terms of their respective level of development. America’s human development index is 0.937 whereas Indonesia ‘s human development index 0.629 What is your selected ‘issue’ and which countries are most affected, both positively and negatively by it? Nike and the countless scandals involving child labour: countries affected by this: America (positively)
Why do you consider your ‘issue’ to be important enough to want to bring it to the attention of millions of people? The issue of child in third world countries (Indonesia) has been driven by corrupt Trans-national corporation (Nike) and the consumers of the companies nation (America). Child labour causes human trafficking, health issues and forced labour. The term “child labour” is often defined as work that deprives children of their childhood, their potential and their dignity, and that is harmful to physical-mental development. It refers to work that is mentally, physically, socially or morally dangerous and harmful to children, and interferes with their schooling by depriving them of the opportunity to attend school, obliging them to leave school prematurely or requiring them to attempt to combine school attendance with excessively long and heavy work. The statistical figures about child workers in the world have variation because of the differences in defining categories of age group and engagement of children in formal and informal sector. Who is responsible for this situation and why has it arisen? There are multiple companies that have factories that violate humane working conditions but one of the major culprits is Nike. Nike is one of the many companies that produce many of their items abroad. The outsourcing that takes place is beneficial for the company but very detrimental so the workers that work in the foreign factories. While it does provide work to those that are in need of an income, they are also underpaid, overworked, and exploited under these companies. In Nike’s case, they have sweatshops in many places including Vietnam, Pakistan and mainly Indonesia where workers are not given fair rights or wages for the amount of work they are forced to do. Workers are routinely physically abused, mentally abused, and sexually harassed in these factories. Who are the people and/ or nations most at risk? Indonesia is most at risk from the situation of child labour caused by Nike: Nearly 75% of Indonesia Nike workers quit per year [LAW], having been deceived about the boot-camp conditions, violations of minimum-wage and overtime laws, higher costs of living near the factories, etc. [VLW, WP]. Wars (e.g., Vietnam), dictatorships (e.g., Indonesia), and coerced foreign corporate land-grabs (across the Third World) make some destitute enough to prostitute their children, become literal slaves, and endure sweatshops. Indonesia/Vietnam: people commonly faint from exhaustion, heat, fumes, and poor nutrition [VLW], some die w/o medical attention after collapsing on the job [SMH], a typical 20-hr./day factory with 6000 workers has only one doctor, for 2 hrs./day [VLW], and people are fired immediately if they take sick leave In April, 10,000 of the 13,000 workers at a Nike factory strike demanding that the factory owners not cheat them out of a paltry 20/day raise in the minimum wage a worker is locked in a factory room for a week under military interrogation about labour organizing 30% of Nikes total business costs goes to payoffs for Indonesian generals, government officials, and cronies People are illegally forced to pay their first months’ salary as a "deposit", which they lose if they leave within a year Are there any specific policies or political actions which support this system? In 2001 the...
Bibliography: (c)nike . (2014, april 29th). child labour polices . Retrieved april 29th, 2014, from Nike.com: http://www.nike.com
(c)world childrens prize . (2010, July 23rd). learn about child labour . Retrieved may 5th, 2014, from World childrens prize: http://worldschildrensprize.org/globalclassroom/page.html#&panel1-1
Dean, J. (2013, January 22nd). Nike drops the ball Again . Retrieved may 7th, 2014, from University of Michigan: http://www-personal.umich.edu/~lormand/poli/nike/nike101-5.htm
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