The College Board
Advanced Placement Examination
UNITED STATES HISTORY
(Suggested writing time-40 minutes)
Directions: The following question requires you to construct a coherent essay that integrates your interpretation of Documents A-I and your knowledge of the period referred to in the question. High scores will be earned only by essays that both cite key pieces of evidence from the documents and draw on outside knowledge of the period. Some of the documents have been edited, and wording and punctuation have been modernized.
The 1920s were a period of tension between new and changing attitudes on the one hand and traditional values and nostalgia on the other. What led to the tension between old and new AND in what ways was the tension manifested?
Use the documents and your knowledge of the period 1917-1921 to assess the validity of this statement.
Source: Sinclair Lewis, Babbitt, 1922
Just as he was an Elk, a Booster, and a member of the Chamber of Commerce, just as the priests of the Presbyterian Church determined his every religious belief and the senators who controlled the Republican Party decided in little smoky rooms in Washington what he should think about disarmament, tariff, and Germany, so did the large national advertisers fix the surface of his life, fix what he believed to be his individuality These standard advertised wares-toothpastes, socks, tires, cameras, instantaneous hot-water-heaters--were his symbols and proofs of excellence; at first the signs, then the substitutes, for joy and passion and wisdom.
Source: "The Bridge" by Joseph Stella, 1922
Source: The World Most Famous Trial: Tennessee Evolution Case, 1925
Mr. Darrow: Do you claim that everything in the Bible should he literally interpreted?
I believe even thing in the Bible should he accepted as it is given there; some of the Bible is gi en illustratively. For instance: 'Ye are the salt of the earth.' I would not insist that man was actually salt, or that he had flesh of salt, but it is used in the sense of salt as saving God's people.
Mr. Darro-: But when ou read that Jonah swallowed the whale-or that the whale swallowed
Jonah-excuse me please-how do you literally interpret that,
Mr. Bryan: One miracle is just as easy to believe as another.
Mr. Darrow: Perfectly easy to believe that Jonah s\ allowed the whale?
Your honor. I think I can shorten this testimony. The only purpose Mr. Darrow has is to slur at the Bible, but I will answer his question. I will answer it all at once, and I have no objection in the world. I want the world to kno that this man, who does not belies e in God, is trying to use a court in Tennessee
Mr. Darrow: I ohect to that.
Mr. Bryan: (Continuing) to slur at it, and while it will require time, I am willing to take it.
I object to sour statement. lam examining you on your fool ideas that no intelligent Christian on earth believes.
Source: Hiram Wesley Evans, The Klan's Fight for Americanism," The North American Review,
We are a movement of the plain people, very weak in the matter of culture, intellectual support, and trained leadership. We are demanding, and we expect to win, a return of power into the hands of the ever da\ not highv cultured, not overly intellectualized, but entirely unspoiled and not dc-Americanized, a erage citizen of the old stock. Our members and leaders are all of this class-the opposition of the intellectuals and liberals who held the leadership, betrayed Americanism, and from whom we expect to wrest control, is almost automatic.
This is undoubtedly a weakness. It lays us open to the charge of being "hicks" and "rubes" and "drivers of second-hand Fords.' We admit it. Far worse, it makes it hard for us to state our case and advocate our crusade in the most effecti e way, for most of us lack skill in language .
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