Advanced Placement Examination
UNITED STATES HISTORY
(Suggested writing time-40 minutes)
Directions: The following question requires you to construct a coherent essay that integrates your interpretation of Documents A-I and your knowledge of the period referred to in the question. High scores will be earned only by essays that both cite key pieces of evidence from the documents and draw on outside knowledge of the period. Some of the documents have been edited, and wording and punctuation have been modernized.
The 1920s were a period of tension between new and changing attitudes on the one hand and traditional values and nostalgia on the other. What led to the tension between old and new AND in what ways was the tension manifested?
Use the documents and your knowledge of the period 1917-1921 to assess the validity of this statement.
Source: Sinclair Lewis, Babbitt, 1922
Just as he was an Elk, a Booster, and a member of the Chamber of Commerce, just as the priests of the Presbyterian Church determined his every religious belief and the senators who controlled the Republican Party decided in little smoky rooms in Washington what he should think about disarmament, tariff, and Germany, so did the large national advertisers fix the surface of his life, fix what he believed to be his individuality These standard advertised wares-toothpastes, socks, tires, cameras, instantaneous hot-water-heaters--were his symbols and proofs of excellence; at first the signs, then the substitutes, for joy and passion and wisdom.
Source: "The Bridge" by Joseph Stella, 1922
Source: The World Most Famous Trial: Tennessee Evolution Case, 1925
Mr. Darrow: Do you claim that everything in the Bible should he literally interpreted?
Mr. Bryan: I believe even thing in the Bible should he accepted as it is given there; some of the Bible is gi en illustratively. For instance: 'Ye are the salt of the