The Legislative Branch

Topics: United States Congress, President of the United States, United States Pages: 8 (2588 words) Published: December 1, 2011
The Legislative Branch

The legislative branch is the most powerful branch in government. The legislative branch is in charge of making and passing laws. They have the power to override a president’s decision, stop laws from being passed, and basically control all decisions the governments makes. The legislative branch, also called the congress, consists of the House of Representatives and the senate. The reason for two houses of congress is to balance out the concerns of smaller but more populated states against states that are larger but with less population (

The House of Representatives consists of 435 elected members that are divided among the fifty states in proportion to their population. There are also six nonvoting members representing the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico and the other four territories of the United States. The House of Representatives are elected every two years. A member must be at least twenty-five years old, a citizen of the United States for at least seven years and a resident of the state they will be representing.

The senate is composed of one hundred senators. There are two senators for each state. The people of the state elect senators every six years. In order to be qualified for the position of a senator, the minimum age requirement of thirty years old, he or she must be a citizen of the United States for at least nine years and reside in the state they represent.

There are additional powers awarded to the congress. The senate has the power to ratify treaties and is responsible for confirming Presidential appointments of Cabinet members, federal judges and foreign ambassadors. The vice President serves as the President of the senate and has the right to cast his vote in a tie (

People will disagree with the fact that the legislative branch has the most power. Many think that the executive branch is the most powerful because that is the branch that the president is in. However, there is much more to look at than what branch the president is in. When breaking down the power of each branch, it is clear that congress holds the most power between all three of the branches of government and makes the most important decisions regarding the United States.

First, the Judicial Branch has the least amount of power. They only have implied power. Nowhere in the Constitution of the United States does it give the power of judicial review to the Supreme Court. The Supreme Court can only act on cases that are brought to them, if the case never reaches the courtroom then the Supreme Court can do nothing. Also, the congress can at some times overrule a Supreme Court decision (

The executive branch also has less power than the legislative branch. Any decision made by the president can be over ruled by congress. Any bill that the president vetoes can still become a law by congress. All of the bills are basically up to congress and if they want the bill to become a law or not. Also, his presidential appointments have to be approved by the congress.

It is fairly obvious that the Legislative branch holds the most power in all of the three branches of government. They write our laws, levy our taxes, confirm our Supreme Court justices and cabinet officials and decide how the federal money is spent. Congress also has the power to impeach anyone in the Executive and Judicial branches (

The legislative branch has also created many bills to help the citizens of the United States such as the Small-Business bill, the 9-11 First Responders bill, the “Don’t ask Don’t Tell” bill and the Remove Troops from Pakistan bill. The powers of the house include the power to initiate revenue bills and impeach federal officials (

The congress has the power to pass laws. Any member of congress can introduce a bill. However, only house members can introduce laws dealing with taxes or spending. Before a...

Bibliography: "Congress for Kids: [Legislative Branch]: The Veto." Congress for Kids - Interactive, Fun-filled Experiences About the Federal Government. Web. 06 Oct. 2010. .
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