THE INFLUENCE of CLIMATE CHANGE on GLOBALIZATION

Topics: Global warming, Little Ice Age, World energy resources and consumption Pages: 11 (2952 words) Published: December 3, 2013
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INDEPENDENCE RESEARCH
THE INFLUENCE of CLIMATE CHANGE on GLOBALIZATION
I.

INTRODUCTION
What kind of impact and transition of globalization are affected by climate change in

the future?
Extreme weather is already be a fact of life for the future, and which will force us to face several problems, such as food and energy shortages, population distribution change and so on. Making the most detailed plan for any possibility is the best preparation. I would like to predict the trend of globalization for the future next 50 years. My prediction was made in the basis of climate change. According to the two different weather projections “Global Warming and Global Cooling”, I analyzed the impact and influence of globalization based on two issues: migration and resources. There were many experts and scholars made their studies and analysis on these issues. Therefore, first, I studied and analyzed each one and unified them, then made my own point of view and research. Finally, I formed the pattern for the future of globalization.

II.

BACKGROUND OF GLOBAL WARMING AND COOLING

1.

GLOBAL WARMING
Global warming refers to the average temperature continued rising of the Earth’s

atmosphere and oceans. Global temperature rising will cause sea level to rise and will change the pattern of rain, and it also might expand the subtropical deserts. Global Warming is expected to be the strongest in the Arctic area and the glaciers, permafrost and sea ice continuing melting. In addition, Global Warming will cause the extreme weather events happen frequently such as heat waves, droughts and heavy rainfall events. Furthermore, the risk of species extinctions and decreasing agricultural yields are thought of as the most serious consequences. The influence level of Global Warming varies from region to region, some areas will suffer more severe effects than others.

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According to human historical record, global warming happened one time during the Middle Ages, which was been called “Medieval Warm Period (MWP)”. The MWP was a time of warm climate in the North Atlantic region that may also has been relate to world, including in China, New Zealand, and other countries. That lasted from about 950 to 1250 AD. It was been followed by a cooler period in the North Atlantic, termed the “Little Ice Age”. Some refer to the event as Medieval Climatic Anomaly, as this term emphasized effects other than temperature were important.

2.

GLOBAL COOLING
Global Cooling is a term that was been described by scientist in 1970s. The definition of

Global Cooling was quite different from the Ice Age that we know of. A DVD called “Naked Science- Big Freeze”, published by National Geographic, said: “Global Cooling was a conjecture. This hypothesis had mixed support in the scientific community, but gained temporary popular attention due to a combination of a slight downward trend of temperatures from the 1940s to the early 1970s. Press reports did not accurately reflect the scientific understanding of ice age cycles. In contrast to the Global Cooling conjecture, most scientific opinion on climate change is that the Earth has not durably cooled, but Global Warming throughout the twentieth century.” (2007) However, there are believable facts to prove Global Cooling will have a great chance to happen in the future. One of facts is that great amounts of fresh water, which was produced by glaciers melting due to Global Warming into the ocean, will slow down or shutdown “Thermohaline Circulation (THC)”. It will make the warming current temporarily stop the transfer of warm water to the high altitude area, then it will cause the Ice Age or Little Ice Age to start. During human history, there was a period of cooling happened from 1300 to 1850 AD. This period was been called “Little Ice Age (LIA)”. The term was been introduced by François E. Matthes in 1939. The LIA occurred after the MWP. While not a true Ice Age. It was been conventionally...

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