The Human Body and Mind: Quiz

Topics: Nervous system, Brain, Psychology Pages: 6 (1443 words) Published: September 26, 2014
1.The ________________ are located at the top of the brain and contain the somatosensory cortex, which receives information about pressure, pain, touch, and temperature from all over the body.Parietal lobes 2.A __________________________ neither increases nor decreases the probability of a behavior.Neutral consequence 3._____________________won a Nobel Prize for his work with salivating dogs and his theory of classical conditioning.Ivan Pavlov 4.________________was an early twentieth century neurologist who argued that the unconscious part of the mind contains passions, guilty secrets, and conflicts that makes themselves known in dreamsFreud 5.All self-help resources are based on empirical data (observation, experimentation, and measurement).false 6.As a whole, people act differently when they are part of a group.true 7.The autonomic nervous system _______________.both a and c 8.Because language is too complex to be learned bit by bit, linguist, Noam Chomsky, argued that the human brain must contain a(n) _________________.language acquisition devise 9.The Cerebrum is divided into two separate halves, which are called the _______________________.Cerebral hemispheres 10.Critical thinking is necessary in psychology to distinguish between pseudoscience and psychobabble.false 11.Culture can shape your perception.true

12.A descriptive study that looks for a consistent relationship between two phenomena is a(n)_____________________.correlational study 13.An early psychological approach that emphasized the analysis of immediate experience into basic elements coined by E.B. Titchener in the late 1800s was known as________________.structuralism 14.The first self-improvement program began in the:19th century 15.The founder of scientific psychology:Wilhelm Wundt (1832-1920) 16.From birth, boys and girls instinctively know how to act.false 17.Genetics can play a major role in mental disorders.true 18.The Hippocampus ______________________.all the above

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19.How many chromosomes generate the development of the human body cells?46 20.The hypothalamus, the amygdala, and the hippocampus are all structures that make up the _______________.limbic system 21.In an experimental study, a variable that the experimenter manipulates is the ________________________.independent variable 22.In his research, Dr. Fischer demonstrates that a system of rewards and punishers can be used to shape the behavior of school-age children to conform to the standards of a classroom. Dr. Fischer's approach to the study of psychology most likely adheres to the __________________ perspective.learning 23.In its physiological effects, alcohol is:downer

24.In psychological research, a group of participants in a study that accurately represent the larger population that the researcher is testing is called the____________________.representative sample 25.Infant reflexes, interest in novelty, a desire to explore and manipulate objects, an impulse to play, and basic cognitive skills are all examples of ____________________.Innate Human Characteristics 26.The largest part of the brain where higher forms of thinking take place is the ___________.cerebrum 27.Learning that involves associations between environmental stimuli and the organism's responses is known as_______________________________.conditioning 28.Lying on the sofa and talking about your feelings is the only method of psychotherapy.false 29.Martha travels to Australia to study the mating behavior of koala bears in their forest habitat. The data collection method he is using is called_________________.natural observation 30.Mrs. Maher discusses appropriate behavior and citizenship in her third grade classroom. Afterwards, students role play a situation regarding the topic of "sharing," and in small groups, talk about best practices. Mrs. Maher's perspective of the study of psychology most likely is _______________________....
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