2. Thalamus- The thalamus is the uppermost part of the brainstem. It directs information to the sensory cortex and provides feedback to the cerebellum and medulla.
3. Medulla- The foundation of the brainstem. It manages heartbeat and breathing.
4. Reticular formation- The nerve region travelling through the brainstem and thalamus. The network is responsible for governing arousal.
5. Cerebellum- The area located directly behind the brainstem. It processes sensory input, organizes movement, helps sustain balance, and implements nonverbal learning and memory.
6. Limbic system- Neural …show more content…
Hypothalamus- The structure next to the amygdala and below the thalamus. It helps coordinate the endocrine system along with the pituitary gland. It is associated with emotion and reward.
9. Pituitary gland- Situated at the end of the limbic system below all the other parts of the limbic system. It is the director of the endocrine system.
10. Hippocampus- Two large tubes circling around the limbic system near the center of the brain. It oversees and manages memory.
11. Right hemisphere- The right half of the brain. Makes inferences, controls our self-awareness, and regulates speech.
12. Left hemisphere- The left half of the brain. Associated more with calculation and language, as well as coordinating the right side of the body.
13. Corpus callosum- Located above the limbic system in the center of the brain, the corpus callosum attaches the two hemispheres of the brain.
14. Pons- The area of the brainstem directly above the medulla that aides in movement.
15. Spinal cord- The mass of bones called the spine that feeds directly into the brain, making a pathway for neural fibers travelling to and from the brain. Helps make the central nervous system, and controls simple …show more content…
Cerebral cortex- All of the brain not composed of everything besides the limbic system and brainstem. The largest part of our brain, the cerebral cortex is the chief information processor and ultimate