The Health Hazards of Celebrating Christmas the Filipino Way in Manila City, Philippines Acosta, Danna Lee A.
Professor Joey Ogatis
23 March 2012
Thesis Statement: The celebration of the beliefs and traditions of Christmas in Manila, Philippines, by the Catholic community, causes risks in the over-all well-being of its celebrators, which may be avoided through information. I. Christmas is celebrated in Manila mainly by the dominant resident Catholics/Christians. A. The industrially active Manila, a populated city, united by the Filipino language, central to the National Capital Region, is the capital of the Philippines. B. Christmas, a celebration brought to the Philippines by the Spaniards, is an international occasion accompanied with different beliefs and traditions. II. Christmas beliefs and traditions/practices pose threats/potential danger to the health of the people. A. Psychological risks may be caused by the stresses of traffic and things to be accomplished, as well as the stresses of coping with emotions, changes in light associated with the season and unexpected events. B. Physical hazards may come from decorations, automobiles, food preparation, pamamasko, gifts of toys [for kids], usage of firecrackers/fireworks and participation in the procession on the Feast of the Black Nazarene. C. Physiological threats issue from food, liquor, parties, germs and environmental factors, such as chemical elements in the atmosphere and the weather/temperature. III. Knowledge of the health hazards of celebrating Christmas the Filipino way in Manila plays a significant role in the prevention of these.
The City of Manila
Manila is the capital of the Philippines, lying on the eastern shores of the Manila Bay, surrounded, clockwise from the north, by Caloocan, Quezon City, San Juan, Mandaluyong, Makati and Pasay City. It is composed of sixteen administrative districts namely, Tondo, Binondo, Quiapo, San Nicolas, Sta. Cruz, Sampaloc, Ermita, Intramuros, Malate, Paco, Port Area, San Andres, San Miguel, Pandacan, Sta. Ana and Sta. Mesa (“Manila: Portrait…”). Manila has a wet season, lasting from late May until November, and a dry season, from December to late April (“Manila” Encyclopædia Britannica). The nation’s major financial, governmental and cultural institutions are located in the city (“Manila” WebCite). There are numerous hotels, scientific and educational institutions, recreation centers and temples of various religions found throughout (“Manila Religion” Maps of World). Manila is known for producing textiles, clothing and electronic goods, refined sugar, coconut oil, chemicals, food, and tobacco, and publishing and printing (“Manila” WebCite; “Manila” Encyclopædia Britannica). Manila uses Filipino and English as both are official languages of the Philippines (“The Constitution…”) and has a total population of 1, 660, 714 persons as of August 1, 2007, translating to a population growth rate of 0.68 % for 2000-2007 (2007 Census). It is dominated by people following Roman Catholicism, the main religion of Philippines (“Philippines” Encyclopedia 720b). Protestantism, Islam, Buddhism, Taoism, Hinduism, Sikhism & Judaism are others followed by the rest of the population.
The Philippine Christmas
Christmas is a celebration of the Catholics/Christians honoring the birth of their Savior Jesus Christ. It was brought to the Philippines by the Spaniards in 1521 but only in 1525 did the Feast of the Nativity become official. It was “easily assimilated by the … natives,” accommodated and modified to fit in the local practices (Alejandro, Chorengel 12). Christmas in the Philippines, or “Paskong Pinoy”, the longest in the world, lasts from December 16 to the Sunday following the New Year (Epiphany), or from the Christmas Eve (December 24) to the Feast of the Baptism...
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