The Greenhouse Effect
This essay is going to describe what the greenhouse effect is and what it does.It is also going to say what causes the greenhouse effect and the consequences of it.
What is meant by the term the greenhouse effect is that the heat from the sun comes into the Earth's atmosphere and cannot get out so becomes trapped.It gets its name because this is very much like a greenhouse.This effect occurs as the incoming short wave radiation is changed when it hits the Earth's surface into long wave or infra-red radiation.Heat energy in this form is then absorbed and stored in water vapour and carbon dioxide in the atmosphere.
Many different things cause the greenhouse effect. The amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere is increased by 0.4 percent each year because of the massive consumption of fossil fuels such as oil, coal, and natural gas.
Another contributing factor is the the amount of forest logged, every second of the day the area of a football field in trees is cleared by either being logged or burnt. Two other deadly greenhouse gasses which are entering the atmosphere even faster than carbon dioxide are methane and chloroflourocarbons, although they are not as damaging in the long run.
These increases are likely to affect worldwide temperatures dramatically. In 100 years time the average temperature for most parts of the world will increase from between 2C to 6C if greenhouse pollution continues at its present rate. This temperature increase would drastically affect the growth of many different crops and cause the polar ice caps to melt, thus increasing sea levels to rise up to several metres. If this rise in sea level was to occur many areas would be much more prone to flooding, and generally much deeper floods than would be expected nowadays
. This flooding would happen paricularly around coastal regions worldwide, and also along many rivers that flow to or from coastal inlets.