The Ethics Organ Donation after Cardiac Death
Organ donation over the past twenty years has almost more than doubled, but the fact remains that the demand of organs is still dwarfed by the supply. For about 75% of organs that are transplanted, those organs come from deceased donors. Most recently, the highest increase in organ recovery has come from donors that have suffered cardiac death. Cardiac death is declared on the basis of cardiopulmonary criteria of permanent cessation of circulatory and respiratory function and not on the basis of neurological criteria of irreversible loss of all functions of the entire brain, used to declare brain death (Steinbrook, 2007). According to the ‘dead donor rule’ donation should not cause or quicken death, because of the way donation after cardiac death is practiced, it unavoidably raises more concerns
References: Bowman, K. (2002). Con: nhbd is ethically acceptable.Critical Care, 6(3), 195. Department of Health and Human Services, Organ Procurement and Transplant Network. (2009). Appendix b to bylaws optn Washinton, DC: Government Printing Office. Retrieved from http://optn.transplant.hrsa.gov/policiesandBylaws2/bylaws/OPTNByLaws/pdfs/bylaw_166.pdf McKinley, J. (2008, February 27). Surgeon accused of speeding a death to get organs. The New York Times, B10. Smolowe, J. (2008, May 5). Organ donation did a doctor speed a patient 's death?. People, 69(17), 23-24. Steinbrook, R. (2007). Organ donation after cardiac death. The New England Journal Of Medicine, 357(3), 209-213. Whetstine, L. (2002). Pro: nhbd is ethically acceptable. Critical Care, 6(3), 193.