Top-Rated Free Essay

The Effects of Cigarette Smoking

Powerful Essays
INTRODUCTION

Many people nowadays smoke cigarette even teenagers smoke. Some people have no idea about the chemical of a tobacco and what it can cause to a human body. This paper is intended to give the readers an idea of the effects of cigarette, like cancer, heart disease, emphysema, and chronic bronchitis. The researchers also included the cigarette components like nicotine and how many percent of it in a tobacco. The reasons why people smoke cigarette is also in this paper. By reading this paper, a person can gain knowledge about the effects of smoking cigarette. So when a person reads this especially those who smoke, he or she may quit or lessen smoking because he or she will know the bad effects of cigarette smoking.

Discussion

Cigarette Smoking Smoking is a highly addictive trend in 21st century America. It is responsible for any array of illness including a multitude of cancers, heart disease, emphysema, and chronic bronchitis. Although the whole body is negatively affected by smoking, the hear t and lungs are the most adversely affected organs.( One Billion people killed by smoking) Its easy to appreciate that the 43 cancer causing chemicals in each and every puff are slowly building an internal time bomb. Smoking will cause some portion of their body’s blood piping to completely clog, with downstream oxygen deprived tissues suffocating and dying. Nicotine ability to dock at millions of acetylcholine receptor cites grant it control over the flow of a host of neurochemicals including those associated with preparing the body for fight. The is inhaling large quantities of highly toxic carbon monoxide.(Polito,2005)
Cigarette Components Nicotine. A dry weight of tobacco has 0.6-3.0% of nicotine. An average cigarette yields 1 mg of absorbed nicotine. Nicotine addiction has historically been one of the hardest addiction to break. Nicotine is both relaxant and a stimulant. Nicotine has very powerful effects on arteries throughout the body. Nicotine raises blood pressure and is a vasoconstrictor making it harder for the heart to pump through the constricted arteries. When a smoker feels the need to smoke and feels uncomfortable, the reason is that the level of nicotine in the body has been reduced below some value. After the first puff on a new cigarette, nicotine is back in the brain within 7 seconds. So the effect of a new dose of nicotine is quickly noticeable. The body wants to get the new substance over and over again.(Moelker,1994) Carbon monoxide. Which is a major component of cigarette, it binds to the hemoglobin and therein prevents oxygen from doing so. This causes a lower amount of oxygen to be transported through the blood and carried to the cells of the body.( One Billion people killed by smoking) Hydrogen cyanide. Another major component of in cigarette, prevents lungs from cleaning themselves. This allows the cilia, the tiny hairs in the lungs that are responsible for ridding the lungs of toxins, to become damaged. With the cilia damaged, the lungs are not as effective at transferring oxygen into the bloodstream, which again causes blood to carry less oxygen than is needed. Because of these two factors, the blood oxygenation level of a smoker is going to be noticeably less than that of a non-smoker. Testing the blood oxygenation levels of smokers and non-smokers should demonstrate that smoking does cause the body to less effectively transport oxygen from the lungs to the cells of the body.(One Billion people killed by smoking)

Reasons why people smoke cigarette(Witting,2008)

Peer pressure. One bad apple is enough to make a whole barrel of apples bad. When peers compel others to take a puff, one just has to take a puff or else face the danger of being branded as a chicken. Availability. Cigarettes are available everywhere and almost anyone can get them. Aping. Movie stars and other celebrities who smoke look so cool, and this is more than enough reason for youngsters to start smoking just to copy their idol. The feel good syndrome. Cigarettes are often indentified with the cool factor and so it is a great way to impress others if you can delicately balance the cigarettes between two of your fingers.

Effects of Cigarette Smoking(Holey,1997)
Bad skin. Because smoking restricts blood vessels, it can prevent oxygen and nutrients from getting to the skin — which is why smokers often appear pale and unhealthy. Studies have also linked smoking to an increased risk of getting a type of skin rash called psoriasis.
Bad breath. Cigarettes leave smokers with a condition called halitosis, or persistent bad breath.
Reduced athletic performance. People who smoke usually can't compete with nonsmoking peers because the physical effects of smoking (like rapid heartbeat, decreased circulation, and shortness of breath) impair sports performance.
Greater risk of injury and slower healing time. Smoking affects the body's ability to produce collagen, so common sports injuries, such as damage to tendons and ligaments, will heal more slowly in smokers than nonsmokers.
Increased risk of illness. Studies show that smokers get more colds, flu, bronchitis, and pneumonia than nonsmokers. And people with certain health conditions, like asthma, become more sick if they smoke (and often if they're just around people who smoke). Because teens who smoke as a way to manage weight often light up instead of eating, their bodies also lack the nutrients they need to grow, develop, and fight off illness properly.
Respiratory Difficulties. Smoking affects the heart and lungs. While some of the effects are reversible, this is only the case if you stop smoking before the damage is very bad. With every inhalation of cigarette smoke, the lining of the bronchial tubes become irritated. This causes them to produce mucus. This mucus then leads to chronic coughing. It can also cause asthma-like symptoms in a non-asthmatic. COPD is another complication caused by smoking. With these effects on the lungs, walking or any activity may become very difficult.
Cancer. Cigarettes contain additives that are known carcinogens, which means they are known to cause cancer. These carcinogens include formaldehyde and hydrocarbon. Lung cancer, mouth cancer and throat cancer are the three most prevalent cancers that have a direct link to cigarette smoking. In some cases, the cancer may not be caught until the point where it is untreatable.
Circulatory System Problems. When you smoke, the cigarette fumes replace oxygen in the body. This means that less oxygen gets to the heart. This can cause an irregular heartbeat and other complications. The chemicals in cigarettes also deposit plaque. As this plaque builds up, the risk of having a heart attack increases because blood supply to the heart is restricted.
Social Effects. The negative effects of smoking aren't limited to only health-related issues. Cigarette smoking also causes certain social effects. As people are becoming more health conscious, smoking is becoming a taboo. Secondhand smoke dangers, as well as the unpleasant smell of cigarette smoke, are contributing factors to the social stigma.
Effect on Possessions. Cigarette smoke affects household belongings. Glass on mirrors, windows and furniture will become hazy when exposed to cigarette smoke for an extended period. Cloth furniture, carpet and other items with porous surfaces absorb the cigarette smoke, which causes the items to hold the smoke smell. This smell will become stale as time progresses.

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Good Essays

    Marijuana vs. Cigarettes

    • 1002 Words
    • 5 Pages

    According to the American Lung Association, every year about four hundred and thirty thousand Americans die alone from the effects of smoking cigarettes. Cigarette smoking also causes one in five deaths in the United States each year. Cigarette smoke is the major cause of lung cancer, emphysema, chronic bronchitis, heart disease, and stroke. Not only does cigarette smoke cause several health problems, it also is highly addictive and causes smokers to develop a highly unhealthy addiction to the nicotine in the cigarette. There are no scientific studies that prove that smoking a cigarette is not harmful to one’s health; in fact, there are several case studies proving that smoking cigarettes can be deadly to one’s health. The chemicals in within cigarette smoke themselves alone are enough to put one at risk for cancer development. Aside from nicotine, other carcinogens such as carbon monoxide, tar, formaldehyde, cyanide, and ammonia can be found in cigarette smoke. These chemicals combined leave someone who smokes at risk to develop lung cancer.…

    • 1002 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    In present scenario, rate of smoking is increasing day by day which affects the health as well as the environment in which we live. Smoking is one of the most common forms of recreational drug use. D. Ginsburg, in his essay illustrates health related problems such as lung cancer, heart diseases and many more which are highly affected by smoking. He being an oncologist comes across various cases regarding highly fatal diseases. For instance, he gives an example of a 39 year old man suffering from lung cancer due to addiction to smoking. (Ginsburg, 2008, p. 33-35) According to the survey of American Cancer Society, approximately 87% of the cancer deaths are caused by smoking. Along with hazardous effects, smoking also leads to addiction which leads to different life-related problems. Also, smoking can bring changes in body functions like improper digestion, frequent headaches, and low immune power. (American cancer society, 2012).…

    • 770 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Smoking Is Bad

    • 658 Words
    • 3 Pages

    First of all, smoking affects a smoker physically and mentally. Nicotine in cigarettes or cigars is a highly addictive substance. The tar and carbon monoxide in cigarettes increase a smoker’s risk of heart diseases, brain tumors and lung cancers. According to North East Valley Division General Practice, a risk of a stroke is 25 percent likely to occur in male smokers. The nicotine increases cholesterol levels in smokers’ bodies. Men who smoke are also ten times more likely to die from lung cancer than non-smokers. Smoking is harmful to the respiratory and circulatory systems. It causes high blood pressure, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and diabetes. A person’s appearance is changed when smoking. A smoker’s skin, nails and teeth are stained and his breath is stink like smoke. For female smokers, their cervix, and uterus are vulnerable to cancer. They might also develop fertility difficulties. For pregnant female smokers, it incurs premature birth, miscarriage and sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). Inhalation of tobacco smoke by nonsmokers has been found to increase the risk of heart disease and respiratory problems. On top of it all, smoking affects our next generation. Children who are…

    • 658 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    Addiction to Cigarettes

    • 420 Words
    • 2 Pages

    The addiction to cigarettes is a problem which affects a significant number of people around the world. This problem does not respect social class, anyone could have it. The addiction to cigarettes dates back to the time when the first Europeans came to America. They observed that the American natives smoked tobacco leaves in pipes. Therefore, the Europeans decided to copy this practice and bring it to Europe. At the beginning, people thought smoking cigarettes was just to relax and it did not have any harmful effect. However, a few years later, scientific studies showed that it had adverse effects. Over the years, this problem has been spread worldwide and every time more people are involved in it. Experts believe that the cause of the addiction to cigarettes is due to nicotine containing.…

    • 420 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    SMOKING ON CAMPUS

    • 745 Words
    • 3 Pages

    Although smoking cause relaxing for smokers , it has several effects on our health and body. As we all know, every year we can know that a large amount of people die from diseases caused by smoking cigarettes. Such as lung cancers, heart diseases, early aging and stroke. As mentioned above that smoking causes diseases including asthma attacks. Agencies and institutions demonstrated that asthma attacks is common among smokers and individuals Indeed that asthma is prevalent and common among them. Since the tobacco plant was discovered in 1600, the world complains of the negative effects of tobacco, such as addiction and asthma attacks, which destroys the lives of individuals, even though the people still taking this plant "tobacco". “The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (2004) and the American Lung Association (2004) believes that cigarette smoke triggers asthma attacks in some individuals”. (Johnston Polacek and Janet L. Atkins, Georgia, Spring 2008, page 37). According to an article in International Journal of Consumer Studies, studies shows that students smokers face Passive implications on their health until before age of majority. (Sharon A. DeVaney, page 388). In future, the smoking will decrease because increased of the awareness among Colleges students.…

    • 745 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Smoking has been shown to be dangerous to health of the people. Heart disease, bronchitis and lung cancer have all been linked. A further issue is that smoking costs governments millions of rands because of the large number of people who need treatment in hospitals for smoking related problems. There is also concern today about passive smoking. Recent research has shown that non-smokers can suffer health problems if they spend long periods of time among people who do smoke.…

    • 418 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    With tobacco smoke containing more than 60 carcinogenic substances, the most deadly effects result for cancers. The most common, potentially fatal is lung cancer. About 10 – 20% of smokers contract fatal lung cancer in their lifetime, meaning the collection of lung cancer cases today are in fact around 90% smokers. Of course, other cancers can be a result and these include mouth, throat, liver, kidney and…

    • 914 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    MR project on smoking

    • 1477 Words
    • 6 Pages

    Smoking is one of the leading causes of preventable death. According to World Health Organization (WHO) tobacco use is currently responsible for the death of one in ten adults’ worldwide (about 5 million deaths each year). Moreover, unless circumstances changes, within 25 years the annual death toll will double; millions more will prematurely develop tobacco related illnesses that lead to chronic disability. Individuals who smoke cigarettes are 12 times more likely to die from lung cancer, two to four times more likely to develop coronary heart disease, twice as likely to have a stroke, and 10 times more likely to die from chronic obstructive lung disease.…

    • 1477 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Tobegin with, According to World Health Organization statistics shows that cigarette is the second main problem that cause of death in the world. It is about 5 million deaths in each year. Every year about 5 million people around the world die from diseases caused by smoking. (pic)Futhermore, just only 17 countries currently have smoke-free policies that provide universal and effective protection from second-hand smoke. You may all already know that smoking is bad for your health and people around you especially your family. (pic) Dr. Alwan who is an assistant director-general World Health Organisation, showed the graph that young teenager who living with smokers and Europe has the highest percent of young teenager living with smokers whereas the second highest is Western Pacific, that's also include New Zealand. It's very bad for them to live with smokers. For example, young teenager may become a smoker like someone in family doing. However, if they do not smoke but they still can get a bad health because they breathe the bad air in to their lung that may affect to their health. (pic) In 2009, World Health Organisation, reported the percent of Western Pacific Region women who smoke. Otherwise,there are many kind of smoking tools includes pipe,…

    • 606 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Smoking is good for in many ways including making you live longer. Although most text books and "experts" say that smoking is bad for you, there are also many other people who disagree and say it has many curing properties. For example, a person with bronchitis from childhood accompanied by marked wheezing was told by doctors not to smoke. He was then told by an old country doctor that he used to be like him until he took up the pipe. Then he tried smoking and it reduced his bronchitis by far and reduced his cough. He claims that he is sure he would be dead long ago if he hadn't taken up smoking. In the old days smoking was prescribed to patients who had asthma but now it has gone out of fashion. More allergies are developed in non-smokers or people who give up smoking than smokers. Many severe bronchitis patients find that their first cigarette of the day clears their lungs and get rid of all their sputum for the next few hours. The nicotine relaxes the muscles in the bronchial walls keeping them at the right tension. It also reduces muscle tension in other parts of the body, reducing tension on the arteries, therefore reducing high blood pressure and heart disease. It also reduces the appetite, there for reducing obesity. Nicotine improves concentration in periods of long-lasting stress and satisfies people in bad temperaments.…

    • 566 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    This assignment will discuss the influence of tobacco smoking on the physical health; on the social life of people and any benefits that are associated with smoking.…

    • 886 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Fact : According to the American Lung Association, there are an estimated 50 million people who smoke. For some reason people just do not fully understand the risks they take by smoking. Cigatette smoking is a frequent cause for many health problem with smokers. To begin with, there are many hazardous ingredients in cigarette tobacco. Some of th ingredients are poisonous or addictive. Cigarette smoke produces thousand of chemicals that are hazardous to a smoker’s health. There are over 4000 chemicals produced by a burning cigarette. At least 200 chemicals are known to be poisonous to a persons health. Though filters help block some of the chemicals, they will not stop them completely.…

    • 521 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    First of all, it is common knowledge that smoking is bad for your health and can lead to serious diseases, or even death. Shortness of breath, increased heartbeat, and jitters are some of the early effects of smoking on your body. These symptoms make it difficult to lead an active and healthy lifestyle. Even more concerning is the link between smoking and the two leading causes of death: cancer and heart disease. In fact, the government has made sure that smokers are aware of these risks by advertising the dangers of smoking on tobacco cartons. However, even the dark reality of charred lungs, throat cancer, and gum disease is not enough to persuade many. The truth is smokers know they are at a higher risk of dying younger than non-smokers, yet they choose to ignore it.…

    • 770 Words
    • 22 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    tobacco

    • 568 Words
    • 3 Pages

    This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial License, which permits use, distribution, and reproduction The health effects of smoking are the circumstances, mechanisms, and factors of tobacco consumption on human health. Epidemiological research has been focused primarily on cigarette tobacco smoking,[1] which has been studied more extensively than any other form of consumption.[2]…

    • 568 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Smoking causes respiratory problems, circulatory system difficulties, and urinary troubles increasing the fact that smoking causes unavoidable harms to the body. Although smoking may have the appearance of something that “is cool”, it causes several heath problems many of which incessant effects.…

    • 513 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays