Describe the ways in which philosophy, linguistics, and artificial intelligence have contributed to the development of cognitive psychology.
Cognitive psychology is the segment of psychology that explores internal mental processes such as visual processing, memory, problem solving, and language. Cognitive psychology also focuses on information processing and the method of how people store, manipulate and use information (Barsalou, 2005). With an emphasis on thought processes, cognitive psychology also explores and discusses thinking and knowledge acquisition as conceptual terms. Well known contributors to the fields, such as Jean Piaget, are especially concerned with the development of cognition and formed stage theories to explain and describe the process of cognitive development (Hunt, 2007). Overall, cognitive psychology is a wide field that has many faucets related to learning, cognition and information processing. Philosophy has contributed to the development of cognitive psychology is a variety of ways. In focusing on the field of Psychology, the early study of human behavior dates back to 400-500 BC when the great Greek philosophers begin studying and interpreting the world around them in terms of human perceptions. They questioned man’s existence and did not subscribe to the thought that the power of creation laid with the Gods. The early philosophers aggressively sought explanations about the world around them and laid the foundation for analysis and critical thinking skills presently used in a variety of disciplines; specifically Psychology (Smith, 2008). Philosophy further contributed to the field of psychology, specifically cognitive psychology, with the development of the concepts of rationalism, empiricism, structuralism and functionalism These processes and approaches which provide opposite end of the spectrum observations allows analysis of behaviors through introspection or evidence based analysis (Sternberg, 2006). In combination, each...
References: Barsalou, L. W. (2005). Cognitive Psychology: An Overview for Cognitive Scientists. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. Retrieved July 14, 2009, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=59197487
Hunt, M. The Story of Psychology (2007). New York: Anchor Books.
Smith, N. W. (2008). History of Psychology: A Cultural Perspective. The Psychological Record, 58(1), 153+. Retrieved July 15, 2009, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5026235145
Sternberg, R. J. (2006). Cognitive psychology. (5th. Ed.). Belmont,CA: Wadsworth.
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