2. Who has more power, the PM or the Queen? The appearance and the reality 3. The roles of the monarch
4. The value of the monarchy
5. The Royal Family
6. Important ceremonies
7. Anti-monarchy groups
Over the 20th and 21st centuries, monarchy has become an increasingly irrelevant institution in many parts of the world. The deep respect the public had for it has turned into indifference. Most people consider monarchy to be an anachronism, totally out of step with the times, and they think they would be better off without that institution whose roles are simply ceremonial now. British monarchy is the exception, though. It is notable for its continued relevance in Britain and for its high profile both in the national and in the international communities. Given the general decline in power and importance of the institution of monarchy, the prominence of British royalty is, therefore, an exceptional case that demands closer examination. 2. Who has more power, the PM or the Queen? The appearance and the reality Elizabeth II is a constitutional monarch. She is Britain's Head of State, but her executive powers are limited by constitutional rules. Her role is mostly symbolic. She represents Britain on state visits and on ceremonial occasions. According to the website of the British Monarchy, her primary role is as a "focus of national unity". As the Head of Stats and Head of the Church, she can do all the ceremonial duties but the PM is who actually runs the country and the Parliament reduces the Queen’s power. The Queen gives a weekly audience to the Prime Minister at which she has a right and a duty to express her views on Government matters. The monarch has the power to:
1. Choose the Prime Minister.
2. Dismiss ministers and governments.
3. Dissolve Parliament.
4. Refuse to agree to legislation passed by Parliament.
5. Dismiss the governments of other countries of which she is monarch. 6. Pardon convicted criminals.
7. Declare a state of emergency.
8. Issue proclamations.
9. Command the army and raise a personal militia.
She is Queen of 16 former British colonies – including Australia, Canada and New Zealand – and Head of the Commonwealth, a multinational body created after the dissolution of the British Empire. 3. The roles of the monarch
Although the Queen is no longer responsible for governing the country, she carries out many important tasks on behalf of the nation: Head of State
The Queen goes on official State visits abroad. She also invites other world leaders to come to the United Kingdom. During their visit, Heads of State usually stay at Buckingham Palace. However, sometimes they stay at Windsor Castle or at Holyroodhouse in Edinburgh. Head of the Armed Forces
The Queen is the only person who can declare war and peace, although she must take advice from her government first. This dates back from when the Monarch was responsible for raising, maintaining and equipping the Army and Navy. The Queen takes a keen interest in all the Armed Forces, both in the United Kingdom and in the Commonwealth. She undertakes regular visits to Service Establishments and ships, to meet servicemen and women of all ranks, and their families, both at home and overseas. Head of the Church of England
The Queen is Head of the Church of England. All British monarchs have held this position since the Church of England was founded by Henry VIII in the 1530s. The Queen appoints archbishops and bishops on the advice of the Prime Minister. Government duties
Every day 'red boxes' are delivered to the Queen's desk. These ‘red boxes’ are full of documents and reports from the government ministers and Commonwealth officials. They must all be read and, if necessary, signed by the Queen. Represents the nation
The Queen represents the nation at times of great celebration or sorrow. One example of this is Remembrance Day ceremony at the Cenotaph monument in Whitehall. The Queen lays...
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