the beauty and nature of the philippines
A Research Paper Presented to MS.NUR-AYN KABIRUN-OMAR Department of English College of Social Sciences and Humanities Mindanao State University Marawi City
In Partial Fulfillment Of the Requirements for the course English 2-Pp2 (College English II) Second Semester, 2011-2012
MOH.ZACKIER S. MUSA March 2012 THE BEAUTY OF NATURE IN THE PHILIPPINE
Long ago, at the time of the Roman Republic, places such as Baiae were popular coastal resorts for the rich. The word tourist used by 1772 and tourism by 1811.
Thesis statement: The significance of tourism is for recreational, leisure or business purposes. It removes stress from the busy city and change it with a satisfactory feeling that makes you feel more comfortable and satisfied.
I-Definition of tourism
II- Tourist spots of the Philippines
A. Davao tourist spots
1. Pearl Farm Island Resort
2. Philippine eagle foundation
3. Eden nature park
4. Davao museum
5. Crocodile park
6. Paradise island
B. Palawan tourist spots
1. Puerto princesa
a. Puerto Princesa Subterranean River National Park (PPSRNP)
3. Underground river
4. Tabon caves
6. Archaeological hunts
C. Boracay tourist spots
1. Water fun
2. Beach combing
4. Bat caves
5. Kar-tir seashell museum
D. Metro manila and environs tourist spots
2. Tourist belt
3. Sunset boulevard
4. Food trip
5. Taal volcano
E. Cebu/Bohol/Camiguin tourist spots
1. Magellan’s cross
3. Chocolate hills
4. Smallest monkey
5. Island of imagination
6. Metropolitan Cebu
F. Laoag/Vigan tourist spots
1. Old churches
4. Ancestral houses
G. Baguio/Banaue tourist spots
1. Summer capital
2. Rice terraces
3. Weaver’s paradise
H. Subic/Clark tourist spots
3. Adrenaline rush
4. Duty-free shopping
5. Hot air balloon
Tourism is a travel for recreational, leisure or business purposes. It could be in any part of the world as long as it has a relaxing place, beautiful views and good accommodation.
Have you ever dreamt of traveling around the world of seeing amazing spots. Travel and
Experience the Philippines 7,107 islands, its natural wonders, colorful and warm engaging people. Among its popular and breathtaking sights are: Boracay beach, Pearl farm island resort, marine life and beaches that will surely test your adventurism . Witness the heavenly beauty of nature in the Philippines and experience the unfogetable leisure you’ve ever been experienced. Because nothing’s worth more than experience. This simple term paper aims to:
1. Explain the nature of tourism;
2. Explore the beauty of nature ;and
3. List down some beautiful places to visit in the Philippines.
Furthermore, this paper also aims to answer the following questions:
1. What is tourism?
2. How to explore the beauty of the nature in the philippines?
3. What are some beautiful places to visit in the Philippines? The researcher gathered the data or pieces of information presented in this term paper through library and internet only. The Pearl farm Island Resort is located in a secluded Samal Island off the coast of Davao city.
The Pearl Farm Island Resort is the best place to relax and unwind. It is about 45 minutes by boat from Davao city. Aptly called the Pearl Farm, this world-class private resort was once of place where a white, pink and gold pearls are cultured from a special breed of oyster coming from Sulu Island.
The Philippine Eagle Foundation is considered as an endangered species, the Philippine Eagle has found its home in Davao. The Philippine National Center is a sanctuary of the world’s largest eagle. It natures these birds and conducts continuous research and advocacy programs to preserve this mighty king of the skies. As a matter of fact, it has already successfully bred eagles in captivity. Located in Malagos, Calinan District, this little tropical paradise welcomes visitors to its place and witness its wondrous sorroundings. Visit this place and feel what it’s like to be close in Nature only here in Davao. The Eden Nature Park is another place to visit for those who love to commute with nature to unwind from work and busy city life. The Eden Nature Park is a perfect place if you want to engage in nature activities with your friends and family. It is also a producer of organically grown fruits and vegetables. Davao Museum, one of the ways you can understand the soul of the people of Davao is by taking a short-trip back in time. The Davao Museum, located within the compound of the Insular Village, has captured Davao’s rich and colorful heritage. The museum is a repository of Native crafts, tribal artworks, ancient musical instruments, and colorful costumes of the different early tribes of Davao. The Crocodile Park, Giant crocodiles, big snakes, and colorful butterflies. These are among the many featured animals in this wonderful tourist destination in Davao City. The Davao Crocodile Park has world-class facilities and recreation areas that kids, as well as at kids at heart, will definitely enjoy. “A child on a farm sees a plane fly by overhead and dreams of a faraway place. A traveller on the plane sees the farmhouse and dreams of home”. The Paradise Island is a very proud of its humble beginnings. What started out as a weekend picnic destination back in the seventies, catering mostly to friends and their families has become what it is today as not only the preferred island getaway for families but is also the byword of those growing impulsive groups who are so busy and yet wise enough to squeeze-in leisure in their hectic schedules at the spur of the moment. Having a shoreline of almost eight hundred meters (800m), it is the only part of Samal Island that has maintained its shores by feeding the fishes, clean them with having periodic “Scubasurero Aciivities”, and has placed a “safety net” to ward off jelly fish and rubbish, discouraging anglers from poaching the area and encouraging its visitors to enjoy the marine life and leave the same so that others may also enjoy them. Its white sand beach as well as its sorroundings are combed and cleaned throughout the day giving a pure and clean ambiance for its visitors and workers alike. The swimming area is adequately manned by lifeguards all day which makes swimming more enjoyable and worry free even diving Surely, a wet experience beyond compare to a man-made swimming pool. Only seven (7) minutes away and traffic-free from Davao City, Paradise Island is very near and visitors are ferried by a fleet of ten (10) colorful boats efficiently operated by the management of the resort from 5:00 AM up to 5:00 PM, those who wish to go to Samal Island may ride the ferry Boat (see Travel Map for directions) which serves the public until 11:00 PM. Guests staying at Waterfront Insular Hotel Davao may arrange a boat trip to Paradise Island and back at the reception. This is the shortest route from Davao City only takes five (5) minutes. Car owners need not worry where to park their cars when going to paradise. Our dock has a wide, fenced and canopied parking area that can accommodate a sizeable number of vehicles and is secured 24/7. If you wish to part with your cars and plan to bring them to the island, we also have an equally secured place to park your cars inside the resort. The Diving Zone, we have made made taking care of the Marine Life on our shores a serious business and commitment. Left with a dying coral garden and diminishing fish population due to illegal and dynamite fishing before, the Management became aggressive and is doing everything to stop all forms of fishing within the resort’s perimeter and applied for said area to be converted into a “Diving Zone” hoping to apply more teeth in safeguarding the shores from who do not care much. With this strong commitment in mind, we go out of our ways to find solutions in keeping up with a modern approach in taking care of our environment and set the pace among the industry players in Samal Island. The Guests’ well-being remains the top priority on our list. The Resort’s Management especially its Safety and Security Team pledge to look the welfare of all guests. Training programs are well in place throughout the year to keep up with the times and having drills on a regular basis to ensure that the system flow smoothly during emergencies.
• Bomb Awareness Program – this exercise is undertaken yearly with the help of the Provincial Police Office of Davao Province
• Monthly Fire Drill – the drill is being undertaken every second Thursday of each month. This is the time when all fire fighting equipment are tested and accounted for.
• First Aid Seminar – being conducted bi-annually before each peak season (Christmas holidays and summer).
• Lifeguards Re-orientation – taking place just before each peak season wherein the lifeguards re-train on their swimming and life-saving techniques.
• Sea-Tragedy drill – a major activity which requires almost everybody and also taking place before summer and Christmas holidays.
• Gun Handling Training – this is done once a year for the guards to establish a routine so that they can perform effectively during emergencies.
• Nurse on Duty – nurse on duty at the resort’s infirmary.
• Doctor on Call – Doctor on Call from the neighboring area.
• Security Details – Security Guards surround the resort and augmented by the local Police during night time.
• CCTV Cameras – CCTV cameras are installed in strategic places around the resort. Paradise Island has established connection with all in Davao City as an option for help in case of emergencies especially involving life-threatening situations. Paradise Island Park and Beach Resort, a secluded place along the famous Davao Gulf, offers a bundle of unique experiences from the boat ride to the shores of the island. As you cruise across the gulf, be amazed by a great panoramic view of Davao city and Mount Apo as its background to your right and the best side of Samal Island ahead which shows the white sand and azure blue waters on a sunny day. Be lulled by the sound of the soft waves at the same time feel the sea breeze in your face. In this part of the world, who says it takes a lifetime to reach Paradise? The Puerto Princesa Subterranean River National Park (PPSRNP) is one of the most important protected areas of the Philippines. It features a spectacular limestone or karst landscape with one of the most complex cave systems. It contains an 8.2 km long underground river that flow directly to the sea. The lower half of the river is brackish and is affected by the ocean’s tide. An underground river directly flowing into the sea, and the associated tidal influence, makes it a significant natural phenomenon. The discovery of at least 11 minerals, crystal and egg shape rock formations, and a 20 million year old Miocene age serenia fossil in the cave further add to its scientific value. The Puerto Princesa Underground River is declared as one of the New 7 Wonders of Nature. The PPSRNP contains a full mountain to the sea ecosystem and protect the forest, which are among the most significant in Asia. It represents significant habitat that are important for biodiversity conservation. In recognition of the PPSRNP’s globally significant natural value, it was inscribed to the list of World Heritage Sites on December 4, 1999. Inscription on the list confirms the outstanding universal value of the Park and it’s well integrated state of conservation. The PPSRNP is managed by the City Government of Puerto Princesa based on a program centered on environment conservation and sustainable development. It has the distinction of being the first national park devolved and successfully managed by a Local Government Unit. It is managed by the City thru a protected Area Management Board (PAMB), multi-sector body that provides policy direction and other oversight functions. It is a model for effective protected area management and sustainable tourism in the Philippines. The Puerto Princesa Subterranean River National Park is a source of pride, and a key element in the identity of the people of Puerto Princesa in particular, and of the Philippines as a whole. The conservation of the park is a commitment by the Filipino people in the global efforts to conserved our natural heritage. In Wildlife, the Calavit Island is a 3,700-hectare game preserve and wildlife sanctuary alive with indiqeneous species and Africa wildlife like girrafes, zebras, and gazelles. Sea turtles, sea cows and a variety of marine life nestle on its shores. The Tabon Caves is the oldest known habitat site in Southeast Asia. The Tabon Caves, unearthest a skull that dates back to 22,000 years ago. The Beaches, visit the Balsahan or Tagbarung Swimming Resort, kalis point, or better yet, get a taste of El Nido. El Nido features black marble caves, table top corals, fantastic marine life, and the requisite white sand beach. Named after the swallow’s nest which prolife rates in its mountain caves. El Nido also features one of the most delicious samplings of the freshest seafood in the land. The Archaeological hunts, go down Cuyo Island and visit the Cuyo Spanish church for with its massive ten-meter high and wide walls. Archaeogist have also unearthed stone-age tools, Chinese burial jars and ancient ornaments in Palawan’s numerous caves. The Boracay is paradise for certified sun-worshippers all over the world. In fact, local and foreign tourist have made Boracay their yearly destination. Others have chosen to live on this haven. Sheltered from the fierce easterly typhoons, Boracay can be found on the northwestern tip of Panay in Aklan, a province on the Visayas Island known for its colorful Ati-Atihan Festival. Boracay’s thousand-hectares boast of all the element of a tropical heaven, crystal blue waters, powder white sand, liberal doses of tropical palms and flowering plants, and a healthy and diverse marine life. Boracay has three little communities, Yapak in the north, Balabag in the middle, and Manoc-manoc in the south. Hilly elevations of up to 100 meters above sea level characterize Yapak and Manoc-manoc. Intertwining trails link the small villages and many something lead to lush tropical jungles. The culinary fare at Boracay ia as diverse as the nationalist of its visitors, French, Chinese, Australian, Belgian, German, Spanish, Italian, Japanese, Korean, and Thai- are all fused into the native cuisine. Truly, Boracay has become the premiere destination of beach lovers around the globe. The Water Fun, the beach beckons for some serious swimming, or just wading by the shore. For the move active vacations, windsurfing and parasailing gears are readily available. Go sailing with the help of locals acutaly altuned to thr rhythms of the sea. The Beach Combing, there are over a dozen beaches dotting the island, these are: White Beach, Diniwid, Alinghai Beach, Manoc- manoc Beach, and Cagban Beach, among others. Work on on your tan, read a book, relax and have a massage. White Beach, probably the most famous stretch in the country, features bright, fine sand and clear, shallow waters. In Night Life spend the last hours of the day at any of Boracay’s Bars and discos. Beer in hand, you can dance on the sand with a few brilliant fireflies. If this seems too rowdy for your taste, take on the moonlit beach. At Bat Caves, explore the bat caves of Yapak. Preferably with an experienced guide and take photos of these night creatures. The Kar-Tir Seashell Museum located at the village of ilig-iligan, Kar-tir features an interesting collection of seashells, woodcarvings, pottery, hand-woven articles, and traditional costumes from over the Philippines. The capital of the Philippines its heart and soul is Manila. It sets the archipelago’s rhythm and is a puisating hub that blends the Oriental with the Occidental, the quaint with the modern , the mundane with the extraordinary. At the heart of Manila’s history is Intramuros. It features the grand Manila Cathedral with its detailed stone carvings and stamed glass mosares, For Santiago, the site of torture chambers and dungeons, and the favorite wedding spot, the San Agustine Church. Greater Manila, made up of 14 cities and 3 towns. Is where the country’s most prestigious business addresses and the trendiest leisure establishments are found. Fashionable hotels, restaurants, discos, music bars, boutiques, and specialty shops converge around the sleek Ayala and Ortigas Centers. Other major cities include Quezon City, also an entertainment hub as well as a government center; Marikina City , the shoe center of the Philippines; Paranaque City, known for its dry goods, and seafood markets and restaurants; and Las Pinas City, which houses the world’s only bamboo organ at St. Joseph’s Parish Church. Calabarzon, comprised of the five provinces of Cavite, Laguna, Batangas, Rizal, and Quezon, is only a few hours away from Manila. The area boast of great destinations and leisure activities for day trips or overnight getaways as well as export processing centers. Museums, the u-shaped government belt within Luneta features the National Museum, the Museum of Filipino People, and the Department of Tourism building, features address of the Museum for Natural Sciences. Tourist Belt, A stone’s throw away from Rizal Park are the Ermita and Malate districts, known as Manila’s Tourist Belt. Ermita is antique and art galleries, curio and souvenir shops, while Malate is cozy cafe’s, music lounges, and performance theaters. Sunset Boulevard; Roxas boulevard, which extends from Paranaque City to Manila, is the bay area from where one can have a view of the famed Manila sunset. It is also lined with posh hotels, casinos and lively nightspots. The Bay walk, a promenade along the boulevard, features bars and restaurants with nighty entertainment. When it comes to Food Trip Metro Manila is one big gastronomic adventure, Fusion cuisine as well as authentic fare abounds in centers and hubs as well as alongside streets and off-the-beaten-track. To name a few, The Illustrado Restaurant in intramuros serves Spanish provincial cuisine; the old Malate district is a favorite watering hole; while authentic Chinese cuisine can be had at Binondo. The Taal Volcano is the enchanting volacano within a lake is the smallest in the world. Witness the splender of the volcano with a panoramic view from the Tagaytay ridge. Ilocos Norte, the northern tip of Luzon, is wedge between the steep Gran Cordillera Central in the east. The rugged Ilocos, Mountains in the northeast and the Ilocos Range in the south. The centuries old churches that dot every town of Ilocos are testimonies to the colonial past. They formed part of the nucleus of the plaza complex town planning instituted by the Spanish colonizers. With a coastline that stretches to 90 statute miles, Ilocos Norte is blessed with rich marine life; shells, giant turtles, seaweeds, starfishes, tuna, and avariety of fishes. Below Ilocos Norte is Ilocos Sur, located along the western coast of northern Luzon, bound by Abra on the northeast Mt. province on the east, Benguet on the southeast, La Union on the south, and China sea on the west Ilocos Sur’s topography has elevations ranging from 10 to 1,700 meters above sea level. Though unmistakably in form, the churches of Ilocos Sur reflect a distinctly Ilocano characters. The hardiness and strength of the Ilocanos are reflected in the massiveness and sturdiness of the structures. Old Churches, the Spanish colonial churches are a must-see in Ilocos Norte. The paoay Church, originally built between 1699-1704, displays ingenuity in the use of corals,mortar bricks and molasses. The Laoag Cathedral, massive short and barn-like, was constructed between 1650-1700. Watch out for the sinking Bell Tower. Dingras Church, set in the midst of expansive rice fields, was built by natuves in 1680 using red bricks. Ilocos Sur’s famous churches include the St. Paul’s Metropolitan Cathedral, Bantay Church Sta. Lucia Church, and the Sinait Church. Beaches, Fort Ilocanada Resort and Hotel is situated in the midst of fetching sandhills in coastal Calayab, Laoag City. Some 26 km south of Laoag is Currimao, lined with beautiful beaches dotted at times with corals. The White Beaches of Pagugpud, the farthest end of Ilocos Norte towards the Laoag Alacapan Road, are a varitable paradise. Museum, the Ilocos Sur’s national museum, the Padre Jose Burgos House, contains the memorabilia of the martyr-priest Jose Burgos and Ilocano artifacts and ethnic arts of the Tinggians, while the Magsingal Museum is a repository of Ilocano heritage featuring collections of pottery and porcelain artifacts. In Ancestral Houses, Kamestizoan District in Vigan is replete with ancestral houses with ancient tile roofs, massive hardwood floorings, balustrades, and azoteas in varying Spanish-Mexican-Chinese architectural styles. In Baguio and Banaue a mountainous topography of towering peaks,plateaus, and intermittent patches of valleys. The cordillera mountain range has a history as vast and beautiful as its mountainous curves. Populated by the Ifugaos, a gentle yet fiercely proud ethnic community, The cordilleras enjoy abundant mineral reserves. Metallic ores such as gold, silver, copper, zinc, and non-metallic reserves are found in Abra, Benguet, Kaling, Apayao, and Mountain Province. Dubbed as the watershed Cradle of the Philippines, the Cordillera Administrative Region was out of the predominantly Ilocano regions of Ilocos and Cagayan, located in the North Central part of Luzon, the region is composed of the six provinces of Abra, Apayao, Benguet, Ifugao, Mountain Province, and Chartered City of Baguio. The Cordillera consist of 76 municioalities and 172 barangays. Total land area of 18,294 square meters account for seven percent of the total land mass of the Philippines. The people in the region enjoy a cool climate throughout the year, particularly in highly elevated places like, Benguet, Mt. Province, and Baguio City,. General climate , though, is the dry season from Novenber to April and the rainy season for the rest of the year. Summer Capital, in the summer months of March, April, and May, Baguio lives up to its title as the “Summer Capital of the Philippines” when thousands of local and foreign visitors take their annual exodus to the city to cool off. From November to May, Baguio becomes a tropical paradise. A refreshing break from the hot humid Philippines climate. Christmas season is when Baguio denizens enjoys the nippy winter air. The Rice Terraces in Ifugao is home to a thriving ancient culture and host to the famous rice terraces. Carved from the base of the mountainsides to the top. The rice terraces seem to be a massive green stairway reaching to the sky. The rice terraces were formed by the Ifugaos tribespeople using primitive implements over a period of 2,000 years. The famous terraces had been inscribed in UNESCO’s World Heritage List in 1995 as “a continuing cultural landscape” and likewise considered by the U.S Association of Civil Engineers as an engineering marvel built by unschooled and free men not of slave labor. Weaver’s Paradise is located in Mountain Province is known as the “Weaver’s Paradise” with the presence of various weaving centers and different weave designs that reveal the province’s cultural heritage. The Subic Bay Leisure Zone, 37,000-acre virgin triple canopy rainforest with wildlife and rare marine life, is a destination one should not miss. The former U.S Navy Facility was vacated in 1992 and is now among Asia’s emerging tourist destination. Trekking through the tropical rainforest on foot or on horseback accompanied by native guides is both a challenge and delight. One can enjoy the numerous beaches, or go camping, or just take a tour around the zone. At the end of an adventurous day, one can recharge in a comfortable air-conditioned hotel room, or go all the way by spending the night inside a tent in the wind. Similar to Subic, the Clark Special Economic Zone was a former U.S Air Force Base and has a long been the principal aviation center of the Philippines. Aside from the popular Fortana and Mimosa Leisure Parks, duty-free shops, and excellent golf courses, Clark also hosts one of the largest annual hot-air balloon festival in Asia. Leisure, accommodation at Subic Bay Leisure Zone includes world-class hotels and resorts, residential units for larger family groups, and campsites for the outdoors type. Choose from a wide selection of delectable cuisine guaranteed to satisfy the most discriminating palate. A marvelous blend of East and West, exotic and subdued to suit your mood. The activities is apart from a jungle tour, there’s a complete selection of aqua sports, including yachting, water skiing, coral and shipwreck diving, jet-skiing, fishing, and more. Adrenaline Rush, a grand prix racetrack offering diving lessons is available for the brave and daring for those who want to try their luck, Subic has a host of casinos. First class videoke clubs are available for those who just want to sit back and sing to their heart’s content. The Hot Air Balloon festival in Clark field is an annual tournament of balloonist from various countries held during the month of February. Cebu is the traveller’ dream of a tropical islands come true, balmy weather, pristine beaches and luxurious resorts with all frills of modern living. The island-province of Cebu is where the sweetest mangoes can be found and where Portuguese navigation, Ferdinand Magellan planted the cross of Christianity in the name of Spain in 1521. Metropolitan Cebu, the country’s second biggest metropolis, is the political, economic, educational, and cultural center of Visayas. Hotels, shopping malls, entertainment halls, casinos and golf fairways are present in the metro to cater to every tourist whim. Fast of Cebu is Bohol, with its rolling hills and plateaus and crystal springs and beaches. The country’s tenth largest island, it is a picturesque province replete with ancestral homes and centuries-old churches. Bohol is home to the world famous Chocolate hills and the smallest monkey, the tarsier. Other equally exotic flora and fauna can be found in the province forests. The site of the 1565 blood compact between; Rajah Sikatuna and Miguel Lopez de Legaspi, Bohol’s historicity is evident in the province’s related, laid-back to China’s T’ang dynasty, revealing strong trading ties with the Chinese long before the Spanish set foot on Philippine shores. Magellan’s Cross on April 14, 1521, Ferdinand Magellan planted a cross to mark the spot where some 800 natives were baptized into the catholic faith. The original cross is now encased in a hallow hardwood cross and can be found in a foofed kiosk along Magellan’s street. Chocolate Hills ,consisting of 1,268 haycock hills with heights ranging from 40 to 120 meters, the Chocolate Hills is one of nature’s wonders. The dome shaped, grass-covered limestone hills dry up and turn brown during the summer transforming these into rows and of “Chocolate Kisses”. Smallest monkey, in Bilar, a 3-kilometer man-made forest is sanctuary to the province’s endangered species including the tarsier, the world’s smallest monkey. Island of Imagination, derived from the word “Kamagong” the name of a tree in the ebony family. Camiguin is a pear-shaped volcano island in the Bohol sea. Marvel at the island’s wife array of flowers and taste the juiciest “Lanzones” in the yearly lanzones festival. Explore majestic Volcanoes, hot springs, magnificient water falls, and its famed underwater cemetery. CONCLUSION
Tourism is a travel for recreational, leisure or business purposes. The world tourism organization defines tourist as “People travelling to and staying in place outside their usual environment”. You may explore the beauty of the nature by traveling some beautiful resorts, mountains, cities, nations, provinces, or even barangays which is a places outside your usual environment. Some of these beautiful places to travel are Boracay, Puerto Princesa, Metro Manila and Environs, Davao, Palawan, Cebu, Laoag, Baguio, and Subic.
The researcher concludes that tourism can be recognized as long as people have travelled, whether it is worldwide, domestic, and even the neighboring cities or provinces, as long as it has a relaxing place, good weather, and beautiful views suitable for you. For you to be able to explore the beauty and comfort of our mother nature, travel and feel the heaven’s happiness here on earth.
“Baguio/Banaue,” Philippines 7,107 islands beyond the usual: a brochure
“Boracay,” Philippines 7,107 islands beyond the usual: a brochure
“Cebu/Bohol/Camiguin,” Philippines 7,107 islands beyond the usual: a brochure
Crocodile Park. (n.d) Retrieved February 9, 2012 from http://www.davaocrodilepark.com (fictional entry)
Davao museum. (n.d) Retrieved February 9, 2012 from http://www.davaomuseum.com.ph (fictional entry)
Eden nature Park. (n.d) Retrieved February 9, 2012 from http://www.edennaturepark.com (fictional entry)
“Laoag/Vigan,” Philippines 7,107 islands beyond the usual: a brochure
“Metro manila and environs,” Philippines 7,107 islands beyond the usual: a brochure
“Palawan,” Philippines 7,107 islands beyond the usual: a brochure Paradise Island. (n.d) Retrieved February 9, 2012 from http://www.paradiseisland.com (fictional entry) Pearl farm island resort. (n.d) Retrieved February 9, 2012 from http://www.pearlfarmislandresort.com (fictional entry) Philippine eagle foundation. (n.d) Retrieved February 9, 2012 from http://www.philippineeaglefoundation.com (fictional entry) Puerto princesa. (n.d) Retrieved February 9, 2012 from http://www.puertoprincesa.com (fictional entry)
“Subic/Clark,” Philippines 7,107 islands beyond the usual: a brochure
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