The History of Swimming
The sport of swimming has been recorded since prehistoric times; the earliest recording of swimming dates back to Stone Agepaintings from around 7,000 years ago. Written references date from 2000 BC. Some of the earliest references to swimming include theGilgamesh, the Iliad, the Odyssey, the Bible, Beowulf, Quran and other sagas. In 1778, Nikolaus Wynmann, a German professor of languages, wrote the first swimming book, The Swimmer or A Dialogue on the Art of Swimming (Der Schwimmer oder ein Zweigespräch über die Schwimmkunst). Competitive swimming as we know it today started in the United States started around 1800, mostly usingbreaststroke. Many Americans often used swimming competitions to settle differences in the frontier, such as property rights. In 1873,John Arthur Trudgen introduced the trudgen to Western swimming competitions, after copying the front crawl used by Native Americans. Due to a British dislike of splashing, Trudgen employed a scissor kick instead of the front crawl's flutter kick. Swimming was part of the first modern Olympic Games in 1896 in Athens. In 1902 Richmond Cavill introduced the front crawl to the Western world. In 1908, the world swimming association, Fédération Internationale de Natation (FINA), was formed. Butterfly was developed in the 1930s and was at first a variant of breaststroke, until it was accepted as a separate style in 1952.
The Equipments in Swimming
Swim suits – There are many different types of swim suits manufactured of many different materials having many different properties. Some swimmers prefer different types of suits for practice and for competition. Whether for practice or meets, the suit should fit snugly, perhaps more tightly than either the swimmer or the parent suspects. Goggles – Goggles are important to swimmers who are in the water as long and as often as competitive swimmers. They protect the eyes from exposure to pool chemicals...
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