This is a summary of three poems that I have studied for the Junior Certificate.
The first one that I have studied is ‘Shall I Compare Thee?’ a sonnet written by William Shakespeare. It is number 18 of 154 sonnets that he has written. A sonnet usually consists of 14 lines but no stanzas, this sonnet also have a rhyming couplet.
The theme of this poem is true beauty. In the poem, the poet examines summer as a metaphor for love. The poet believes that summer is not as similar to love, as you might expect it to be. This is clear because in the first few lines the poet asked “Shall I compare thee to a summer’s day?” and to that he gave a reply “Thou art more lovely and more temperate”. This means that his love is more lovelier and warmer than a summer’s day. He also points out the bad parts of summer; “rough winds” do come during May, and that summer ends too fast. In addition, you can get burned because how “sometimes too hot” the sun shines. Shakespeare said this to prove that summer is imperfect which it is in contrast to his love.
This poem has many clues to show that it is a love poem. For example, after he compares the summer to his love, he said “But thy eternal summer shall not fade, nor lose possession of that fair thou ow’st. Nor shall death brag thou wander’st in his shade, when in eternal lines to time thou grow’st”. These few lines that Shakespeare had written about the woman that he loved, meant that his love for her should never fade away, or lose the possession of her fond memories. The other two lines meant that even if her death has come, and when she is forever gone, his love for her would still exist. Even these few lines of the poem can clearly show that it is a love poem.
In the rhyming couplet (the last two lines), the poet writes “So long as men can breathe, or eyes can see. So long lives this, and this gives life to thee”. Even though summer ends, Shakespeare believed that because he has written this love poem, the memories...
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