Topics: Indonesia, Jakarta, Suharto Pages: 3 (949 words) Published: September 30, 2010
Sukarno was the first president of Indonesia. For Indonesian people, he was not just a president but also a leader, a savior, and an inspiration. He was born in Surabaja, East Java on 6 June 1901. He had already predicted that he would be a leader and someone who liberate Indonesia from colonizers before he was born. He lived in poverty with his father, Raden Sukemi Sosrodihardjo, who a Javanese schoolteacher, and his mother, Ida Njoman Rai, who a Balinese woman. There were many stories about Sukarno’s status; some said that he was a son of Paku Buwono X, who gave young Sukarno to his trusted nobleman. Some said that he was a son of the owner of Dutch firm in Kediri, East Java, with a maiden. Nevertheless, Sukarno never worried about that. Young Sukarno was living in Blitar, little city in East Java, which traditional Javanese culture very influenced. “Sukarno’s early education was on traditional Javanese lines. His grandfather at Tulung Agung where he stayed for a few years taught him the rules of behaviour of the Javanese nobleman (ksatriyah). This training was continued by his father.” (Penders, 1974, p.4). Until his leading period, he still influenced by Javanese rules in some condition. Sukarno has known about politics since H. O. S. Tjokroaminoto, charismatic Islamic Association leader, introduced him into practical politics. Sukarno boarded in Tjokroaminoto’s house in 1916, often came and listened about politic debates in political discussion in there. “Sukarno often accompanied Tjokroaminoto to public meetings and while listening intently to the fiery and charismatic Islamic Association leader his own oratorical talents must undoubtedly have been considerably sharpened.” (Penders, 1974, p.15). All Indonesian known and sure, that one strong characteristic from Sukarno is the way he spoke. No doubt if he could make powerful, passionate, and inspired speeches for Indonesian people. If he started his speech, people would go to the field...
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