*I’m only putting everything that’s on the sheet she gave us yesterday (Tuesday). If she adds anything in class, feel free to throw that in here, since I have no idea what she’s going to add, she told me I have to find out through other people. Also, by the time you read this it’ll probably be incomplete still, but I’ll try to get in as much as I can while y’all are still in school. K.G.
Rise of Islam Vocab:
A word used to describe the collective community of those who believe/practice in the Islamic faith. Important because _____________.
The successor of the prophet Muhammad; important because caused the religion to split into two factions based on who they believed should become the next Caliph (Sunni and Shi’ite).
A faction of Islam that believed the next Caliph should be the most qualified Muslim to take the position; larger of the two factions. Important because since Islam is divided into 2 groups with different beliefs, instead of 1 empire, there are many empires with different ways of life, innovations, ways of ruling, and interpretations.
A faction of Islam that believed the next Caliph should only be a direct descendant of the prophet Muhammad himself. Important because since Islam is divided into 2 groups with different beliefs, instead of 1 empire, there are many empires with different ways of life, innovations, ways of ruling, and interpretations.
faction of Islam that broke away from the Shi’ites. Most radical believed if one committed a sin they were no longer a Muslim . Important because it further divided the Muslims.
Qur’an (or Koran):
The Holy Book of the Islamic faith. It’s important because it’s used to dictate the law and daily lives and beliefs of all Muslims living in the Arabian Peninsula.
Somebody who reported the words or actions ascribed to Muhammad and the Companions (his followers); important because it became the chief source of Muslim legal and religious norms, alongside the Qur’an.
“persons of right knowledge”; important because they’re scholars whose legal opinions and collective decisions of issues established the basis for religious and social order in the Islamic Empire.
The city where the Ka’ba was located; considered to be a Holy City for the Islamic faith; the rulers of the city tried to have Muhammad and his followers killed because they needed the Ka’ba and the polytheistic religions in the area in order to keep the area surrounding the Ka’ba to be a safe place to trade, which is what contributed to Mecca being as prosperous of a city as it was.
A structure in the city of Mecca that held the idols of all of the polytheistic religions believed in by the warring Bedouin tribes; the area surrounding it was an extremely successful marketplace, and was very peaceful since all who came in the area were linked by a common need to practice their religion (however fighting immediately continued once away from the area).
The 5 Pillars:
5 basic duties of a Muslim. Important because in order to be considered a good Muslim, one must complete all:
1) Declaration of Faith “There is no god but God, Muhammad is the messenger of God.” 2) Daily Prayer: Takes place 5 times daily in the direction of Mecca, after a ritual washing 3) Giving charity (or
) to those in need
4) Fasting from sunrise to sunset during the holy month of Ramadan 5) The Hajj: Pilgrimage to Mecca once during their lifetime to visit the Ka’ba, the “first House of God” built by Abraham and his son Ishmael at God’s command ...
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