stress essay

Topics: Stress, Complex post-traumatic stress disorder, Posttraumatic stress disorder Pages: 10 (2698 words) Published: November 16, 2014

ACAP Student ID: 212348

Name: Jozmaye Talentine Benn

Course: Bachelor of Applied Social Science (BASSIX)


Unit/Module: Introduction to psychology

Educator: Meaghan Poulton

Assessment Name: Academic Essay

Assessment Number: Assignment no 1

Term & Year: Term 2, 2013

Word Count: 2121

I declare that this assessment is my own work, based on my own personal research/study. I also declare that this assessment, nor parts of it, has not been previously submitted for any other unit/module or course, and that I have not copied in part or whole or otherwise plagiarised the work of another student and/or persons. I have read the ACAP Student Plagiarism and Academic Misconduct Policy and understand its implications. I also declare, if this is a practical skills assessment, that a Client/Interviewee Consent Form has been read and signed by both parties, and where applicable parental consent has been obtained.

To produce beautiful music, violinist needs to ensure the string on his instrument must taut to a degree. If the strings on his instrument are too tight, they will snap, but if they are too loose, no sound will be produced. In a similar way with stress, too much stress can harm people. But what about no stress at all? While the anticipation might sound alluring, the fact is that people do need stress—at least to a degree. Dr. Selye, H (1936) says “everybody is under some degree of stress all the time. The only way to avoid stress is to die” (as cited in the American Institute of Stress, 1979). Dr Selye also indicates that stress would be recognized more as a psychological condition than physical or psychosomatic illness in the 21st century. Therefore in this essay the writer will exam the modern conception of stress, and how the psychological impacts of stress can become epidemic among contemporary society especially among women. It is the writer’s belief that the impacts of stress, either distress or eustress are greater in women compared to men in contemporary society. Stress is a physical, mental, or emotional strain or tension that is caused by an external stimulus creating biological and psychological responses. Dougall & Baum (2001) differentiate stressors that affect people’s well being and their behaviour into three different types which are acute, chronic and anticipatory stressors (as cited in Weiten, Hammer & Dunn, 2012). Two main stressors that affect people’s wellbeing and their behaviour in contemporary society are environmental and workplace stress. Environmental stress has four main categories which are: stressful life events, cataclysmic events, daily hassles and ambient stressors. The examples of stressful life events are change of employment, death in the family, divorce and so on. The examples of cataclysmic events are natural disasters, war, pandemic diseases and so on. Examples of daily hassles would be unexpected traffic, an argument with a family member or a friend and so on. Examples of ambient stressor are change of climates, noise or unpleasant smell and so on (Baum, A. Singer, J.E. & Baum, C. 1982; Campbell 1983; Lazarus R.s. and Cohen J. 1977). Stress is influenced by cultures, frustration, internal conflicts, changes and pressures. The impacts of stress would depend on the factors that shape individuals’ self concept and self esteem. Thus, women who lack self concepts and self esteem would be prone to psychological issues such as alcoholism, depression, anxiety and even suicidal thought (Cornette et al., 2009; Higgins, Shah, & Friedman, 1997; Mischel & Morf, 2003 as cited in Weiten et al 2012). In Maslow’s hierarchy of needs, indicates that humans have a desire to fulfil their needs according to their own priority. Women unlike men are emotional beings; therefore they easily feel discontentment or contentment with their needs will depend on their personal attributes. How women experience the...

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