Contributors to Adult Learning Theory
In this exercise, you will analyze the role other disciplines played in the development of Adult Learning Theory. Please save this document and type directly on this template. Each response should be substantive and requires a minimum of 3 to 5 complete sentences per response.
When completed, please submit this document as an attachment to the appropriate drop box.
1. How has clinical psychology contributed to andragogy?
Clinical psychology made a major contribution to andragogy. Psychotherapists such as Sigmund Freud, Carl Jung, Erik Erickson, Abraham Maslow, and Carl Rogers provided great insight for andragogy. Clinical psychology is used primarily with adults who wish to change or relearn how to live in a particular area of their lives or a as a whole. Freud, the greatest contributor, identified that the subconscious mind plays a major influence on behavior. Jung provided the four functions of taking in experiences and succeeding at internalizing information. These four functions, laid the groundwork for balanced curriculum based on his imploration of the four functions in balance. Erickson developed the eight ages of man; Maslow developed the Hierarchy of needs; and Rogers developed the five basic hypothesis. Each one of these theory’s or methods have some form of integration into andragogy (Knowles, Holton, & Swanson, 2012).
2. How has adult education contributed to andragogy?
Some scholars have studied child learning as it differs from adult learning. Others, such as Howard McClusky, went further to study the adult ability to learn or their potential. Cyril O. Houle searched for a better understanding of adult learning. Allen Tough’s extension is based on several aspects including what and why adults learn, how they learn, and what help they obtain for learning. Each of these have made significant contributions to andragogy (Knowles, Holton, & Swanson, 2012).
3. How has philosophy contributed
References: Knowles, M. S., Holton, E. F., & Swanson, R. A. (2012). The adult learner: The definitive classic in adult education and human resource development (7th ed.). Amsterdam: Elsevier.