The number of immigrants developed nations accept is an ongoing issue for economic, environmental and political reasons. Discuss whether there are too many, too few or just the right amount of immigrants coming to Australia each year.
Migration is the movement of people from one place to another for living or work purposes. In the current time most of the people migrating from poorer country to developed country. The reasons behind migration are availability of jobs and proper utilization of skills, economic benefit, social security etc. But these are the benefits of the migrating person. It is very important for the migrating country that how much people they allow to migrate? Most of the time countries allow migrating into to fill up the job vacancies. In this essay migration to Australia and its impact will be discussed. Australia is a culturally diverse country. Its social security and growing economy are offering the opportunity to migrate into this country. It has been estimated that about 20% of its population are migrants (DIMIA 2003). This is because Australia has trusted and successful immigration policy. Moreover Immigration department of Australian is continuously updating providing scope for the proper skilled people to migrate into and live in the country. This essay will argue that there is just the right number of immigrant coming to Australia each ear in relation to the economic, environmental and political situation of the Australia. The economic benefits from the migrants fall into two categories such as benefits on commonwealth and state government. A study conducted by Access Economics stated that Commonwealth budget gets more benefits from migration than the State budgets. It has been estimated that the benefit from the migrants to State budgets is $1 million/year per 1,000 migrants and it remained constant for last ten years. But the benefits from the migrants on the Commonwealth grown to $7 million/year per 1,000 migrants in last 10 years. It has also been demonstrated by Access Economics that the 2005–06 migration programme will contribute about $5 billion to the Commonwealth (Australian Government 2005-06).
It has been argued by Tom (2005) that the increase in labour supply by immigration will reduce the wage of the employees. The reasons behind this are the capital is fixed in short term and it is costly to increase the capital in short period of time. He also mentioned that migrants are taking the jobs of the native Australian’s (Tom 2005). In another article it has been reported that the large businesses are importing workers from lower wage countries to meet their requirements of employees. This is also lowering down the wages (John 2005). Lowering the wages have negative impact on the economy by lowering the purchasing capacity of the people and reducing the market.
Though there is some controversy regarding the economic benefits of migration, it is true that skilled migration can only solve the problem of skills shortages in short term (Tom 2005). He also puts an argument that the strategy to fill the skill shortage is to train and skill the existing Australians. However a research has shown that skilled migrants are performing very well in their jobs (Masanauskas 2005). So it can be concluded that the proper amount of migration of skilled people in Australia can help to fulfill the labour shortage and can boost the economy by contributing to the job market. Moreover, Australia is a very big country and most of its land area is not being utilized. In most of the states there are some regional areas where there are prospects but people do not want to go there. So Australian government initiated a the State Specific and Regional Migration (SSRM). This allows the migrants to come into Australia but they need to stay in a specific regional area. This approach is very effective in the context of equal distribution of population throughout the country and the best use of the resources....
References: 1. 2011–12 Migration Program Report, Australian Government, Department of Immigration and Citizenship
2. Bilodeau, Antoine. 2009. “Residential Segregation and the Electoral Participation of Immigrants in Australia‟. International Migration Review 43(1): 134-159.
3. Department of Immigration and Multicultural and Indigenous Affairs (DIMIA). 2003. Report of the Review of Settlement Services for Migrants and Humanitarian Entrants. Canberra: DIMIA.
4. Game, C. 2001. “Political Participation‟. In Reader’s Guide to the Social Sciences, ed. J. Michie. Volume 2. London: Fitzroy Dearborn Publisher.
5. John Masanauskas, July 21, 2005 ‘Skilled migrant program failing’ The Herald Sun (Melbourne)
John Moran 2005 ‘Foreign Labour Used to Lower Wages’ Australian Manufacturing Workers Union (AMWU)
6. Jupp, James, York Barry and McRobbie Andrea. 1989. ‘Focused Study on the Political Participation of Ethnic Minorities in Australia’ Office of Multicultural Affairs. Canberra: AGPS.
7. Population Flows: Immigration Aspects 2005-06 Edition, Australian Government, Department of Immigration and Citizenship
8. Tom Nilsson 2005 ‘Negative Economic Impacts Of Immigration and Population Growth’ President of the Tasmanian Branch of Sustainable Population Australia
9. Williams, Lynne S. 1996 “The effects of immigration on Australia: the research consensus as at May 1996”
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