Tourism sector is one of the most growing sectors in the world. During the last decades there has been an increase in the field of studies that analyze the impact of tourism for country and its development. As every area of studies tourism as a part of national and world economy has its adherents and opponents. All of authors in their studies, works and investigations provide us with argues that confirm their opinions.
We also suppose that tourism has positive and negative impacts as every sector of economy and every part of social life. And in our essay we would like to introduce negative sides of tourism industry.
Our work consists of few main aims.
Firstly we are going to present five Regional reports with threats for the next tourism regions: South West Oltenia (Romania); South West Region of Bulgaria; Crete (Island of Greece); Madeira (Island of Portugal); Balearic Islands (Spain). As we will see, the majority of threats (so, problems) with which those 5 destinations face, are common. Finally, all the threats will be summarize in general and that for sure will give us the idea that tourism have to modified it strategy, with more stakeholder cooperation, the ones that should be prepared to meet and take advantage of differentiation. Otherwise “too much tourism killed tourism” so a stronger preventative approach has to be embedded in tourism strategies and business actions.
Secondly we will introduce the main problems of specialization on tourism which are common for whole world tourism and which have influence on the improvement of welfare of countries. This part will show non-economic sides of tourism in general. It will give us the opportunity to conclude that specialization on tourism is not the optimal choice for the state and it may cause a disaster, but not a success. Also we will talk about tourism policy and problems of its implementation.
Finally we are going to describe