Special features of the Constitution of the People’s Republic of China
The constitution of The People's Republic of China which, as said before, contains 138 articles distributed in four chapters, is a written document that despite the fact that is not one of the longest constitutions, it stipulates the basic principles of the Chinese country’s political and social systems, and it occupy a position of supreme legal and respected authority. In order to deal with this document we have to understand its special features that correspond with the necessity of the construction of a modern socialist China. Among all this articles, there are some of them that stand out due to their peculiarity and uniqueness, only found in this exemplary constitution. Most of them are related to the culture, traditions and system of China, what allow us to have knowledge of this incredible civilization with such a long history. Starting with the first chapter of the constitution, in which the general principles are reflected, it is important to highlight the Article 4. All nationalities in the People's Republic of China are equal. This article can be considered very special as it recognizes the equality of all the minority nationalities of the huge country, which are distributed all over the Chinese territory, as well as their autonomy and protection. This fact is very important because not all the countries allow the coexistence of many groups of nationalities and help them to improve their situation as China does, as well as protect their culture and language and recognizing them part of the People’s Republic of China. In this article it is said that “Discrimination against and oppression of any nationality are prohibited”, “The people of all nationalities have the freedom to use and develop their own spoken and written languages, and to preserve or reform their own ways and customs.” In addition to this, the Article 36: Citizens of the People's Republic of China enjoy freedom of religious belief; this means that the state enable the population of China to choose and to exercise their own religion as it is said, but “No one may make use of religion to engage in activities that disrupt public order, impair the health of citizens or interfere with the educational system of the state.” After recognizing the equality of these minorities and the freedom of every citizen to join any religion and to practice it, Chinese Constitution arrange in the Article 122: “The state gives financial, material and technical assistance to the minority nationalities to accelerate their economic and cultural development.” Hence, it is compulsory for the state of China to ensure the development of these minorities within the country, so it cannot be oppressive with these nationalities. It is crucial to talk about the Article 5: The People's Republic of China governs the country according to law and makes it a socialist country ruled by law, in which it is recognize that Constitution is the highest authority in the country, an assumption that allows us to understand the kind of political system that rules the country, establishing the idea of respecting the rule of law, because, as said in the article, “All state organs, the armed forces, all political parties and public organizations and all enterprises and institutions must abide by the Constitution and the law” and “No organization or individual is privileged to be beyond the Constitution or the law.” As we know, Chinese Constitution establish a socialist economic system, where the means of work and production is owned by the working people of People’s Republic of China, in the Article 6 it is prohibited the “the system of exploitation of man by man”, applying the principle of from each according to his ability, to each according to his work. However, the Article 12 is very peculiar as well, as it says: “Socialist public property is sacred and inviolable.” The Constitution obligate the population to respect the...
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