Calzado, Wendy Lyn M.
ENG 2 Y-3R
Final LRP Draft
September 30, 2013
Special Education in the Philippines: A Heavily-Regulated Yet Under-Funded Sector
Filipinos have deep regard for education for it plays a big role in the Philippine political, economic, social, and cultural life. Education has been the foundation for developments and innovations in the country. The 1987 Philippine Constitution guarantees the right to education of every Filipino. It provided that, “The State shall protect and promote the right of all citizens to quality education at all levels and shall take appropriate steps to make education accessible to all.” The Philippine education system includes both formal and non-formal education and by structure, it can be categorized in two: basic education and the tertiary education. The basic education includes the optional preschool education (nursery, kindergarten, etc.), the elementary education (grades 1-6), and lastly the secondary education (high school). But not every child is capable to take the basic education that we normally have here in the Philippines. This is the reason that special education exists. Special education for youth and children with special needs is necessary and the government needs to give it more attention and support. Special education is a specialized branch of education that is essentially arranged to address the needs of special students. Special students may have any of the following: learning differences, mental health issues, physical and developmental disabilities and giftedness. Those students could not receive maximum benefit from purely basic education practices. The chief goal of special education, according to the Special Education Division of the Department of Education, is to integrate the student with special needs into the regular school system, which eventually will make them also integrated to their community. Most special education takes place in regular public schools but there some that are provided in private special education schools. Special education does not really differ completely from the conventional education. It is actually a modified educational program that provides to the different needs of the special students. A special education teacher normally teaches in a regular classroom set-up. This is to provide the special students the certain skills that they need to develop such as reading and writing. While some works in regular classrooms, there are also some students that need to be taught in separate classrooms depending on their condition and on the skill or ability that they need to be learned (Grolier Encyclopedia of Knowledge, p.289) Special education was actually started in the Philippines by a certain group of people who loves to serve the disable person but it was only formally started in 1907 with the establishment of the Insular School for the Deaf and Blind (Yap & Adorio, 2008). The school started with 92 deaf persons and one blind person. From then on, the establishment of different special education schools in all around the country has continued. As of 2008, there are already about 11 types of students with special needs who are being served (Yap & Adorio, 2008). The students vary from those who suffer from various disabilities such as hearing impairment, visual impairment, learning disability, mental retardation, behavior problem, autism, and cerebral palsy and those who have giftedness. According to UNESCO (2004), everyone who wishes to be schooled and educated should be entitled to enjoy the following: (1) equal access to opportunities for basic learning with peers, (2) equality in terms of good quality experiences that will allow them to complete basic education, and (3) equality in the assurance that their education will provide them with the skills to become useful and contributing members of the community. Moreover, according to Yap & Adorio (2008), the Philippines is a signatory of the Salamanca...
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