ENG 2 Y-3R
Final LRP Draft
September 30, 2013
Special Education in the Philippines: A Heavily-Regulated Yet Under-Funded Sector
Filipinos have deep regard for education for it plays a big role in the Philippine political, economic, social, and cultural life. Education has been the foundation for developments and innovations in the country. The 1987 Philippine Constitution guarantees the right to education of every Filipino. It provided that, “The State shall protect and promote the right of all citizens to quality education at all levels and shall take appropriate steps to make education accessible to all.” The Philippine education system includes both formal and non-formal education and by structure, it can be categorized in two: basic education and the tertiary education. The basic education includes the optional preschool education (nursery, kindergarten, etc.), the elementary education (grades 1-6), and lastly the secondary education (high school). But not every child is capable to take the basic education that we normally have here in the Philippines. This is the reason that special education exists. Special education for youth and children with special needs is necessary and the government needs to give it more attention and support.
Special education is a specialized branch of education that is essentially arranged to address the needs of special students. Special students may have any of the following: learning differences, mental health issues, physical and developmental disabilities and giftedness. Those students could not receive maximum benefit from purely basic education practices. The chief goal of special education, according to the Special Education Division of the Department of Education, is to integrate the student with special needs into the regular school system, which eventually will make them also integrated to their community. Most special education takes place in regular public schools but