In this essay I will be writing an essay about the Spanish armada and its failure.
Firstly, the most important reason for the failure of the Spanish armada was the poor planning of the Spanish. The Spanish set sail with lack of cannonballs, too many priests and not enough experts. They also failed to provide themselves with enough fresh food and water in case it takes more time to return. So they made many mistakes before they even set sail .any problems that might delay the armada like the weather slowing them down were not planned. This is the most important reason why the Spanish failed because planning is the one thing you must get right to go to the next step.
The second most important reason was the wrong leadership. The leader of the armada was chosen because of medina sidonia wealth and religion, not his ability to lead the fleet. He even asked not to put him in charge because of his lack of experience. He also suffered from sea-sickness. Phillip’s choice of medina sidonia of leading the invasion is an example of poor planning. Failing to defeat the navy led to later disasters for the Spanish. This means that the leader is someone who clearly does not know how to do his job properly. It also shows that king Phillip must take some blame of the failure in choosing medina.
Thirdly, while the Spanish showed bad leadership, the English were led. Queen Elizabeth showed clear leadership in her planning the defence of England and motivated her soldiers and sailors through famous speeches “I know I have the body of a weak and feeble woman but I have the heart and stomach of a king and a king of England”. At sea, drake showed a good leadership to chase the armada all the way up to the English Channel. Drake had lots of battle skills. This all gave the English a real advantage.
Fourthly, the Spanish failed because of their weapons. English ships and guns were simply better. The royal navy ships were smaller and more manoeuvrable and the