April 26, 2015
Medical Sociology (SOC 3700)
Dr. Jonniann Butterfield
The Sociology of Mental Illness
Media Analysis Paper on Girl Interrupted
Part A – Theoretical Framework
Describe the major components of the Sociological Model of Mental Illness and compare it to the Medical Model of Mental Illness. What evidence exists that supports the Sociological Model of Mental Illness? What evidence exists that supports the Medical Model of Mental Illness? (Approximately 2-4 paragraphs)
Even though most of the Sociological Model of Mental Illness is concerned with factors in the social structure such as: social class, age, race, and gender contribute to the rate of mental disorder, there has been a lot of research regarding the branding concerns of mental illness as a social status. The research is essentially motivated by the collection of concepts known as the labeling theory. Within the concepts, theoretical and experimental develops in the sociological understanding of dishonor connected with mental illness. Furthermore, the concepts shows how sociologists have contributed to our understanding of public conceptions of mental illness and public reactions to mental illness. There has been a lot of progress and prospects in research on the effects of stigma on people with mental illness.
There are three major components of the Sociological Model of Mental Illness: Stress Theory, Structural Strain Theory, and the Labeling Theory. The Medical Model of Mental Illness is the approach to the diagnosis and treatment of illness. The main focus is using a problem solving technique that is concerned with defect or dysfunction. The Medical Model of Mental Illness is based on physical, emotional, mental, and spiritual dimensions that perceives the individual. Comparing the Sociological and Medical Model of Mental Illness, the Medical Model for mental illness totally eliminate the social causes, allowing government and society to avoid its responsibility. Furthermore, the Medical Model deals with medicines prescribed, doctors diagnoses, hospital treatments, while the Sociological Model looks at other aspects of the patient - family, friends and any other networks of support. Part B - Application
Using the Sociological Model of Mental illness, analyze the film you watched. Please answer the following questions using detailed examples from the film and concepts from your readings as your data to support your argument. You MUST provide examples from the film to answer each question or your answer will be considered incomplete!
1) Who defined the main character as mentally ill (or in need of institutionalization)? Susanna Kaysen checks herself into Claymoore Hospital after attempting to commit suicide by taking an overdose of aspirin pills. After a critical session with the physician who conducts her into a couple of years of hospitalization, Susanna’s prevailing sensation is exhaustion. Being that, she admits herself into McLean Hospital with a sense of respite. 2) What words were used by mental health professionals to describe the main character?
Valerie Owens, the RN, put Susanna into a cold bath to awake her. Irritated by Susanna obedience, Valerie tells her that “she is not crazy, just a lazy self-indulgent little girl who is driving herself crazy”. Furthermore, Valerie sends Susanna to a therapist, Melvin, and psychiatrist, Sonia; Dr. Sonia Wick is a head psychiatrist. “Dr. Wick: Quis hic locus? Quae regio? Quae mundi plaga? What world is this? What kingdom? What shores of what worlds? It's a very big question you're faced with, Susanna. The choice of your life. How much will you indulge in your flaws? What are your flaws? Are they flaws? If you embrace them, will you commit yourself to hospital? For life? Big questions, big decisions! Not surprising you profess carelessness about them. Susanna: [very upset and uncomfortable] is that it? Dr. Wick: For now.” In response to Susanna’s bad attitude,...
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