Topics: Sociology, Jean Piaget, Socialization Pages: 18 (3021 words) Published: March 3, 2014

Let’s defined the Concept Socialization

Socialization is the lifelong process through which individuals acquire their Self identity, and learn the
Mental;, and
Social skills

Needed in order to survive in society.

In other words, it is a process that teaches the
Values, and
Other aspects of a culture to new group members.

Socialization enables individuals to
Skills &
Beliefs of their particular society.

Socialization-continues throughout the life process starting at Birth,
Young adult
Old age
Also, socialization—enables society reproduce itself
Socially as well as
From generations to generation.

Sociologists and Psychologists have studied socialization for decades. They have analyzed how people become socialized.

Socialization theory claims that the person we become is the result of our social environment. According to sociologists Parsons, we accept and integrate the values of the group as our own. These social values constantly surround us, but they often go unexamined.

At what point in our lives does socialization take place?

Parson and others argued that most socialization occurs during childhood. Brim refers to this early socialization as
Primary socialization—parents are their children’s first teachers; they pass on values, rules, language, religious beliefs and unending list of social norms. However, socialization—is also reciprocal because children also influence their parents. Because socialization---is an unending cycle, we are at times the “socializer” and other times the “socialized.” Socialization continues throughout out lives .

Secondary Socialization---
As you experience life changing events like going to
Beginning a career, or
Getting married---new socialization occurs.

At each stage of life, we encountered new
Values, and

We learn to accept and integrate them as we adapt to our social environment.

Each individual operates, in part, on the basis of personality.

Personality---is a consistent pattern of
Feelings, &
Beliefs in a given person.
Personality include three main component

1. Cognitive Component---consists of thought, belief,
And other intellectual capacities.

2. Emotional Component---consists of love, hate, envy,
Pride, and,
Other feelings

3. Behavioral Component----consists of skills, aptitude (ability, capacity) Competence, and,
Other abilities.

i.e., Nobody is born a great mathematician
People may be born with the potential to become one---but what they actually become is primarily the product of their environment.

Socialization differs greatly from
Society to

How much of our unique human characteristics come from heredity and how much from social environment?

The Nature Vs Nurture

In the 20th century, social scientists began to fight biologists---belief that “nurture,” like philosopher John Locke, proposed that our environment influences the way we Think,
Feel, &

Supporters of this idea assert that socialization molds us like pieces of clay, particularly during early childhood. Many nurture theorists believe that a social process teaches People who they are and

How they fit into their world.

Each of us is a product of two forces:
(1) heredity, referred to a “nature,” and
(2) the social environment, referred to as a Nurture>”

Whereas, biology dictates our
Physical make-up,
the social environment determines
How we develop and behave.

Nature VS Nurture
The belief that The belief that the way in which we
Genetic& biologicalthink, feel, & behave are results
Heredity are the of our environment.
Primary causes of
Human behaviors.

Sociologists focus on
How human...
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