In this blog I will be explaining the principal sociological perspectives (Marxism, Interactionism, Functionalism and collectivism). The open view in sociology can cause debates, disclosure and sometimes even controversy as we will see in the blog.
Sociology is the study of society and the different social structures within it. Social structures examples of large groups that are in society. For example, family, religion, health and social care, mass media, economic system etc.
Sociology is viewed as the scientific study of society, it is a scientific study because the views presented in sociology is based upon empirical data (information gained from constructing detail research). How what makes sociology different from sciences is the fact that in sociology there is never a right or wrong answer. It also examines the role of individuals within society.
Socialization is a process whereby individuals learn the norms, beliefs, values and roles within a particular society. Primary socialization occurs at home, this is where you learn acceptable forms of behavior from your family or relatives. Secondary socialization occurs outside of home, for example school, through friends, college, work, university etc.
Karl Marx believed that society is based upon a conflict between Bourgeoisies (Ruling class, Upper class) and Proletariat (Working class). Marx believed that the ruling class were exploiting the working class.
Marxism focuses on the inequality that exists in capitalist society and suggests ways that this inequality can be overcome (i.e. through evolution). It also suggests alternatives to the capitalist system.
By living in a capitalist society this means that the society is built up on a quest for maximum amount of money. Those who have the most money will ultimately have the most power. People will become more willing to do whatever it takes to gain more money and this includes exploiting others.