Social Determinants Of Health

Good Essays
Social determinants of health are the circumstances in which people are born, developed, live and age, defined by The World Organization of Health (C. “Health equity,” n.d, p.2). They include many factors such as financial and social status in regards to the situation in Attawapiskat. Financial problems stem from continuous improper use of funds and complete lack of documentation to support expenses. The scarcity of jobs creates an unemployed or almost, jobless economy and thus widens the margin of poverty. Such limitations inevitably result in improper living conditions despite being widely funded by federal and provincial government bodies and ultimately affects the healthy well-being of Attawapiskat cree community.

An audit is a thorough
…show more content…
According to CBC News, ''An audit of the financial records of the Attawapiskat First Nations reserve has raised questions about the situation on the northern Ontario reserve and about its leader, Chief Theresa Spence'' (Schwartz, 2013). An independent auditing firm called Deloitte was hired by the federal government in 2011, to investigate $90 million that was given to the reserve. The firm is looking into how those federal funds have been spent since 2005 (Schwartz, 2013.) After a public campaign was held by Spence to raise awareness on issues such as housing and health crisis, the government felt it was time to look into how those federal funds were spent, and if they were spent appropriately. However, due to the lack of documentation provided by the Attawapiskat, Deloitte faced difficulties conducting a thorough audit. Such discrepancies may indicate fraud or corruption, nonetheless, Mak from the firm Rosen said ''given the absence of documentation, an auditor cannot conclude either way whether the affairs were properly conducted or not." (Schwartz, 2013). This is extremely significant, as it proposes that there is no …show more content…
Since then the Hudson’s Bay Company built a general store, which slowly developed while most of the natives still lived outdoors and brought their own food to the table. (Aulakh, 2012) During the 20th century, expansion began and houses along with water and sewage treatment were incorporated into the land. (Aulakh, 2012) Today, development of the society and infrastructure have come to a standstill, primarily stemming from the reserves financial issues. “Attawapiskat hasn’t changed in decades ... I don’t think it ever will. It can’t. I was born here, I was raised here and I have raised all my kids here. The problems I saw four decades ago ... they are problems we still face”(Aulakh, 2012) said Rosie Koostachin a resident of the area. The issues faced by people of Attawapiskat shows that developing of the society and care for its people has not changed, despite the funds they received over the years. Children in the area are not attending school regularly, and the dropout rate is over 50%. Similarly employment opportunities are at a low and poverty is high. (Aulak, 2012) This trend sets a bad example for the younger generation and is evidently reflected in the drop out rate. Overall, it comes down to the cost of living being too high for families to live comfortably. Residents of Attawapiskat think the situation can not be mended, and question Attawapiskat’s long term sustainability. (Aulak, 2012)

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Satisfactory Essays

    Therefore, the cultural determinant of health remains a big problem amongst the people of Attawapiskat, as well as other reserves in Canada, as they are resistant to accepting modern medicine and healthcare advice from health care professionals from outside of their culture, since it goes against their…

    • 241 Words
    • 1 Page
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    The first source, Wilson’s and MacDonald’s (2010) the “Income Gap between Aboriginals and the Rest of Canada” will be incorporated in realizing the effects of Colonial impact and its eventual forced relocation of First Nations into reserves. Second source is a Statistics Canada reference (Statistics Canada 2015) on the overall outlook of Aboriginal Statistics based on recent surveys and census. Using this relatively recent statistical report, it will help paint a picture of the current overall economic situation of Aboriginals and allow a more in depth numerical analysis of First Nation on-reserve incomes, education and social welfare situation. The final source (National Economic Development Board 2015) is an analysis of Aboriginal Economic Progress for the year of 2015.In the article, The Aboriginal Economic Progress Report, it contains a wide array of issues faced by First Nations on-reserves as well as detailing the reasoning behind the causation of such issues. The three sources listed above have sufficient data and case analysis to give a comprehensive understanding of the forces which created the economic gaps for First Nations living on…

    • 522 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    The unemployment and poverty rates are twice as high among Indigenous peoples than non-Indigenous peoples.22,25 With smaller community the availability of employment is another challenge. For higher financial stability they have to make a tougher choice of working outside the rural area.24 It is a particular problem for a household with children. The overall income left after spending for transportation and day care is very low. The left over income is seldom useful to buy basic necessities. This makes majority of the population to leave their jobs and depend on social benefits.24 Available social benefits are often insufficient to provide food security in a high –cost rural market…

    • 1065 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    The native people constantly experience neglect from the government, it was recorded that the mortality rate of the natives were higher compare to other Canadians. Nobody care that their babies were dying, water the primary source of livelihood were often poisoned with chemicals and yet no provision was made…

    • 182 Words
    • 1 Page
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    Social Determinants of Health

    • 10946 Words
    • 44 Pages

    recognition, and to shape the present. Indigenous Australia is made up of two cultural groups…

    • 10946 Words
    • 44 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    As a First Nations health and wellness champion in BC, FNHA should continue working with First Nations communities, federal and provincial partners to improve health care coverage and services to BC First Nations, with the aim of closing the gaps in health outcomes. This could include providing extensive physiotherapy and mental health counselling, and coverage of pharmaceutical products that are not currently covered through its health benefits program. A comprehensive review of the current health benefits program and assessment of the financial implication might be necessary.…

    • 834 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    The workshop opened my eyes and help me understand how the people of the Cree Nation are living in the reserves. The reserves lack the adequate services, have limited accessibility and employees have insufficient training. There are no birthing services in their community and the pregnant are forced to fly to Thompson alone without any family or close peers to support them. I learned that the people of the Cree Nation values the process of birthing and dying significantly and all of the community gets together to celebrate life. Moreover, most youths age out of the system as they are repeatedly admitted, and their cases are usually not followed through. The type of care they receive are temporary and is considered…

    • 320 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    2. They have to consider if they’re problem is serious enough to contact a doctor.…

    • 1098 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    There is not a single way to determine the health of the public, therefor social determinants are used in order to show health and social status and give reason as to why health varies across the world (Hill et al, 2010). According to the World Health Organistion (2015), social determinants relating to health are the circumstances in which people find themselves, collectively because of where they are born, how they live, their working life and their age. It claims that these conditions are defined by the “distribution of money, power and resources”. When looking at specific social determinants, substance misuse and addiction has a big impact on society with approximately 5.7% of the worlds population, of adult age, use ‘psychoactive’ substances…

    • 903 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Imagine the world with little knowledge of nutritional health or community development. The town of Tembisa was created 57 years ago when a husband and wife donated a huge plot of land. This province hasn’t changed much since it was developed. They were promised a land and community development but it never happened. Waiting for a change in the province was difficult for the people who knew nothing was going to happen.…

    • 919 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Best Essays

    Discrimination in Canada

    • 1480 Words
    • 6 Pages

    People are dyeing, a Chief starves herself all in the name of public protest, people are loosing their lives gradually due to social injustice there are several self-destructive behaviors and this is getting worse because the government is not doing anything about it. The Canadian government should adhere or try to meet the demands of this people if not people would die rioting or even worse can take place. (According to Shawn McCarthy and James Bradshaw Created December 30th 2012) They are still Canadians not minding if they are first nation citizens or not, so why is the Canadian government paying deaf ears to the cries of these citizens? The first Nations protest against the Canadian government, “Idle No More” is not just a fun thing so the government should actually sit back and listen to the complaints and needs of these Canadian indigenes.…

    • 1480 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Best Essays
  • Good Essays

    Age- Most people in retirement are health and fit. They make valued contributions to society through paid work, volunteer work and by being a good citizen to the society and to their families. However there are higher levels of illness in people over 75. This is because as people grow older their bodies may be unable to function as well as it did, therefore they are unlikely to receive as much exercise and fresh air, also they may be unable to stand up for a long length of time and therefore may not be able to cook. They then could start eating pre cooked frozen foods. This all leads to an unhealthy lifestyle. Also there are many stresses that come with old age, for example illness worries, financial worries and bereavements of old friends. This can cause many illnesses such as depression and sometime mental illness such as Alzheimer’s.…

    • 746 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Best Essays

    [ 2 ]. James S Frideres and Rene R. Gadacz, Aboriginal Peoples in Canada (Toronto, Ontario: Pearson Prentice Hall, 2005) 326…

    • 2104 Words
    • 9 Pages
    Best Essays
  • Good Essays

    Healthy People 2010 was sent off in January 2000 by the Department of Health and Human Services. This program intended to tackle nationwide promotions and disease preventions in the communities in which they sever form social disparities in health. Social disparities generally specify as the difference in health status that are consistently correlated with various levels of latent social advantages and position in the social ladder (Braveman & Gruskin, 2003.) these social disparities in health are mirrored by ethnicity, sexual orientation, education and occupation. Moreover, there are other distinctive reasons linked with preeminent resources, prestige, influence and social incorporation (Braveman & Gruskin, 2003.)…

    • 399 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    To begin with, I would like to discuss the conditions in which people on reserves live in. Aboriginal people living on reserves live in horrendous conditions. They live in small, tight, trailers with up to 40 other people. The housing is inadequate. Many of the trailers come with holes in the walls and leaks in the ceiling. Adding onto the inadequacy of the housing is the lack of clean…

    • 802 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays