Sleep Recall

Good Essays
Sleep Recall and Dream content with ADHD children

The study explores dream recall frequency and dream content in children with Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder. (ADHD) There have been many sleep complaints about children and adults with ADHD. The hypothesis of dreaming is that when someone is awake if reflects what they will dream about. In studies it shows that adults and children with ADHD have dreams that correlate with the daily activities going on in their life. Children with ADHD had more negative, physical aggression towards the dreamer, because the children are not aware that they have ADHD and as a reaction of their behavior they are recipients of aggression from other children. Children with ADHD also had better dream recall due to the sleep disturbances found in ADHD children. They are able to remember their dreams better because it is still fresh in their memory from waking up at night. The method used in this study was a Socio-Demographic Questionnaire and Dream Questionnaire. In the study the parents of the child with ADHD would fill out a simple questionnaire about the child’s age, gender, and number of siblings. The child would complete the dream questionnaire regarding their dream recall by a number scale from zero to six. They would also rate their dreams of how intense and emotional they were compared to children without ADHD. The study was adopted by Schredl et al and included realism/bizarreness, positive and negative emotions, number of dream characters and occurrence of verbal and physical interactions. There were 103 children with ADHD and 100 children without ADHD that were tested. The age group ranged from 8-14 years of age and about fifty percent boys and fifty percent girls. The ending result was the dream recall frequency was slightly higher in children with ADHD, but not much of a difference. Also the emotional intensity of children with ADHD was much higher than the children without ADHD. Overall

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Satisfactory Essays

    first draft

    • 538 Words
    • 3 Pages

    This essay is NOT a summary of several different elements of ADHD. Rather, it is an analysis of a single trend related to ADHD, including various elements of that single trend.…

    • 538 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Better Essays

    This article is focused on the outcomes of children with ADHD with special focus on academic success. It is unfortunate that they end their study with the quote, “ We remain ill informed about how to improve academic and educational outcomes of children with ADHD, despite decades of research on diagnosis, prevalence and short-term treatment effects (Loe et al, 2007).” The writers of this article have a real passion for finding answers for kids who struggle with ADHD. As they were researching these outcomes, they came up with five questions. 1) What are the academic and educational characteristics of children with ADHD? 2) Are academic and educational problems transient or persistent? 3) What are the academic characteristics of children with symptoms of ADHD but without formal diagnosis? 4) How do treatments affect academic and educational outcomes? And 5) How should we design future research to determine which treatments improve academic and educational outcomes of children with ADHD?…

    • 932 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    ADHD

    • 2027 Words
    • 9 Pages

    Cooper, P. (1997). The reality and hyperreality of adhd: an educational and cultural analysis. The Association of Workers for Children with Emotional and Behavioral Difficulties: East Sutton: South London Press.…

    • 2027 Words
    • 9 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    According to DSM-IV (2005), Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is defined as “persistent pattern of inattention and/or hyperactivity-impulsivity that is more frequently displayed and is more severe than is typically observed in individuals at comparable level of development.” A recent study suggests that 9% of U.S. school-aged children (3-17) are diagnosed with ADHD (US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2010). At first, there was a misconception in society that ADHD only affected children and that eventually they would outgrow it. However, recent data suggests that 4.4% of the U.S. adult population have ADHD. Studies also indicate that 30%-70% of children with ADHD continue to have symptoms as adults. (Desantis, 2008, p. 31)…

    • 2165 Words
    • 9 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Good Essays

    Throughout the ages philosophers have been puzzled by the idea of dreams. Humans have written and interpreted dreams. For example,The ancient egyptians wrote a dream book which listed common dreams. Dreams are images, thoughts and emotions you are experiencing during sleep. Even with today's technological advancements, there is still no definite answer to why we dream. Scientists believe that the reason we dream is because of past or present memories, emotions, and unsuppressed and unconscious desires and dreams. After doing research, there are some interesting theories which include: solve problems,wish fulfillment, and to forget.…

    • 735 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Better Essays

    Week 1 Discussion

    • 626 Words
    • 2 Pages

    The purpose of the Houck, Kendal, Miller, Morrell and Wiebe (2011) study is to examine and analyze young adolescents with ADHD cognitive self-image (self-concept) and the relationship of behavioral problems. They examine predicted self-concepts scores with regards to age, ethnicity, gender and behavioral problems (Houck et al., 2011, p. 240).…

    • 626 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Good Essays

    References: Pelsser, L. M., Frankena, K., Buitelaar, J. K., & Rommelse, N. N. (2010). Effects of food on physical and sleep complaints in children with ADHD: a randomised controlled pilot study. European Journal Of Pediatrics, 169(9), 1129-1138. doi:10.1007/s00431-010-1196-5…

    • 1293 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Adult ADHD

    • 2166 Words
    • 9 Pages

    Although there is a tendency to generalize ADHD as a childhood disorder, most studies indicate the disorder itself or its symptoms do persist into adulthood. According to the National Comorbidity Survey Replication for ADHD, in the United States alone 4.4 percent of adults between the age of 18-44 were affected by ADHD (Kessler et al., 2006). Hyperactivity might diminish in adults; however, inattention, impulsivity, and restless behavior may continue to be problematic. Adult ADHD does not begin in adulthood; it continues in adults who were diagnosed with childhood ADHD, who were not diagnosed or misdiagnosed for ADHD in childhood and/or whose childhood ADHD symptoms were not managed effectively. The symptoms of adult…

    • 2166 Words
    • 9 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Recently concern has been raised that the existing criteria for diagnosing ADHD might be too conservative or restrictive. Due to this concern, a study was performed to see how many therapists were over diagnosing ADHD and why. Researchers compared how many boys vs. girls were diagnosed along with how many therapists used the diagnostic requirements vs. subjective assumptions of the disorder. In this study 20% of therapists diagnosed ADHD even though two of the diagnostic criteria were not met also shows that the over diagnosis of ADHD resulted in more frequent recommendation for medication and that the majority of children receiving stimulant treatment fell far below the threshold of an ADHD diagnosis. Results from this study show that in addition to the issues about the adequacy of the criteria for an ADHD diagnosis, a major objective should also be addressing the…

    • 3138 Words
    • 13 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Better Essays

    Provide Support for Sleep

    • 3327 Words
    • 14 Pages

    Sleep is important for our health and well-being. Extensive research has been done on the effects of sleep. These studies consistently show that sleep plays a vital role in promoting physical health, longevity, and emotional well-being. This explains why, after a good night's sleep, we feel better, our thoughts are clearer, and our emotions are less fragile. Without adequate sleep our judgment, mood, and ability to learn and retain information are weakened.…

    • 3327 Words
    • 14 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    The participants for this study were as follows: forty-three males diagnosed with ADHD with a mean age of 11.2 years old; thirty-seven females diagnosed with ADHD with a mean age of 11.9 years old; thirty-two healthy control males with a mean ago of 11.4 years old; eighteen healthy control females with a mean ago 11.9 years old. Participants diagnosed with ADHD were recruited as referrals from seven outpatient health centers in Innlandet Hospital Trust. All participants underwent a comprehensive assessment according to common clinical practice. Semi-structured clinical interviews were given separately for children and parents to assess psychopathology. The interviewers were experienced clinicians, and were trained to high levels of interrater reliability for the assessment of diagnosis. Co-existing diagnoses within the group of males with ADHD included depression with 4.7%, anxiety with 4.7%, conduct disorder with 4.7%, and oppositional defiant disorder with…

    • 855 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    ADHD Adults

    • 1919 Words
    • 8 Pages

    Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a brain disorder that affects the way nerves develop and the why individuals process thoughts and control actions. Individuals with ADHD tend to have difficulty maintaining focus and remembering details . ADHD has been thought to be a childhood disorder and that the disorder somehow disappears as a child grows older. Though ADHD is most common in children it is becoming clearer that less than half of the individuals affected with ADHD resolve the issues and difficulties the disorder presents. Adults with ADHD experience many hardships and struggle daily with the exhausting effects of the disorder.…

    • 1919 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Best Essays

    Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, or ADHD, describes children who reveal persistent age-inappropriate symptoms of inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity that affect the patient’s daily functioning in major life happenings (APA, 2000). Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has become the most commonly diagnosed neurobehavioral disorder of childhood. The primary symptoms of ADHD are displayed as inattentive, hyperactive, and impulsive (APA, 2000); however, ADHD can only be identified by characteristic patterns of behavior that vary from child to child. ADHD can disrupt a child’s life, produce emotional pain, seriously destroy relationships, consume vast amounts of energy, and damage self-esteem.…

    • 2376 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Best Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    There were 9 adults used in this study who were two females and 7 males. The individuals who took part in the study had electrodes on their eyes and scalp so they could measure eye movements and also record the individual’s brain. The individuals were woken up during rem and non-rem sleep many times in the night. However they were not told. There was a recorder that the participants had to speak in. they had to describe what their dream was and if it was either 5 or 15 minutes long. The results were that the individuals experienced rem sleep every night, it was faster. 80% was the mean of dream recall and the non-rem was 7%. This mean that the individuals were good at recalling the dreams in their rem…

    • 1278 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Good Essays

    The medical model requires a formal diagnosis to be treated and fixed. Before 1980, there was not a formal or standardized classification system available for evaluating and better understanding individuals who might qualify for the diagnosis of ADHD, (Erk, 2002). Previously the medical diagnosis for ADHD was very vague many individuals in the population affected by the disorder were overlooked, mislabeled, or not understood. The Medical diagnosis of ADHD has developed over the years in many stages, beginning in 1917, and stands today in the most recent addition of the DSM-IV-TR.…

    • 868 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays