Self-esteem and gender

Topics: Gender, Gender role, Gender identity Pages: 4 (1100 words) Published: December 5, 2013
The purpose of this finding is to understand the relations between gender and self-esteem using the method of convenience sample survey Coopersmith Self-Esteem Inventory. This survey included 6 male and 21 female college students, total n=27 to predict self-esteem levels of each gender. In this study, the PV= gender, the OD= self-report and demographic, the CV= self-esteem, and another OD= score on survey. Researchers will use data collected to analyze self-esteem levels in both male and female college students. In relation to past studies, the hypothesis for this research is that male college students have higher self-esteem than female college students. However, survey results showed no relations between scores in self-esteem and gender. We cannot predict self-esteem levels based on gender because it is not the main factor. One implication for this study is to have larger representative sample to obtain stronger validity and rule out sampling bias.

Keywords: self-esteem, gender role, Coopersmith Self-Esteem Inventory, predictor variable (PV), operational definition (OD), criterion variable (CV)

Past researches have shown that self-esteem plays an important role in determining the academic achievement and health levels of both genders. Researchers predicted that there is a relation between gender role and self-esteem. Therefore, many studies have been done to predict the possible outcome of the above hypothesis. When we try to find out if gender really does play an important role in one’s academic achievement and levels of health, we can try to develop new ways to improve these conditions for both genders. Self-esteem creates huge impacts in each individual living standards and performance, for learning to compare self-esteem level in both genders will help researchers to acquire knowledge about each gender behavior. Researchers could then apply alternative ways to analyze these behaviors and conduct...

References: Coopersmith, S. The antecedents of self-esteem. San Francisco: W.W. Freeman & Co.
Gentile, B., Grabe, S., Dolan-Pascoe, B., Twenge, J., Wells, B., Maitino, A., (2009, March). Gender differences in domain- specific self-esteem: A meta-analysis. Review of General Psycholog, 13(1). Retrieved October 29, 2013, from Academic Search Elite database.
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Milligan, B., Pritchard, M., (2006, March). The Relationship between Gender Type of Sport, Body Dissatisfaction Self-esteem and Disordered Eating behaviors in Division I Athletes. Athletic Insight: The Online Journal of Sport Psychology, 8(1), 1-15.
Yao, Y., Liu, L., Zhao, X., (2011, November). Linking self-differentiation and mental health in lower grade college students with different genders: Moderating role of self-esteem. Chinese Mental Health Journal, 25(11), 856-861.
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