Sojourner Douglass College
English Comp II
Mrs. Nicole Winder
January 1, 2014
Schizophrenia is a brain disorder that significantly alters how a person may feel, behave, and think, it also affects ones conception of reality. This illness can affect children, teens, and adults, some cases being more severe than others. The symptoms vary between patients, and this is why professionals categorize patients within different subtypes, depending upon the most prevalent symptom. Some of the dilemmas following schizophrenia include, but are not limited to; broken relationships, poor job and school performance, inability to maintain hygiene or do simple tasks, and even thoughts of suicide. Although, this disorder is severe among many, it can be properly treated with psychotherapy and medications, leading to a full productive life.
What is Schizophrenia?
Schizophrenia is an extreme mental disorder that alters one’s perception of reality. A person with this illness may hear voices in their mind or see things no one else can, think up ordeals that never occurred, or think and behave irrationally. It also changes how a person acts or thinks in their everyday lives, making it complicated for one to perform at work, school, in public, or at doing simple daily tasks. There are different degrees of this illness, making it difficult to function normally. Some symptoms may be so extreme, that a person cannot care for themselves. Symptoms vary widely between people. Some have episodes that come and go with time, while others deal with their symptoms on a daily basis.
This illness is the most misconceived brain disorder. According to Mayo Clinic (2012), some associate schizophrenia with split or multiple personalities, “schizophrenia” does mean “split mind,” but it refers to a disruption of the usual balance of emotions and thinking. “In the U.S. about 2.5 million people have this illness and studies show that people who suffer with this have a higher chance of committing suicide” (Slowik, 2013). Schizophrenia is a chronic condition, requiring lifelong treatment (Mayo Clinic, 2012), with proper therapy, medications, and support, a healthy lifestyle is achievable. Types of Schizophrenia
There are five main subtypes of schizophrenia; Paranoid, Disorganized, Catatonic, Undifferentiated, and Residual. It may be difficult to place an individual into a specific category. Over time, a patient’s symptoms may change, and so will their subtype. Paranoid schizophrenia is the most common and frequent subtype. This subtype is identified by delusional thoughts or illusions. People with this type are more practical and willing to involve themselves in relationships. Disorganized schizophrenia main identification is disorganization of thinking and emotions. Patients with this type may have serious problems in their ability to continue or keep up with daily routines and to interact adequately with others. Catatonic schizophrenia main factor is disorder in movements or actions. An individual with this type may be more detached or quiet, and immerses in senseless body language or expressions. “Affected people may voluntarily assume unusual body positions, or manifest unusual facial contortions or limb movements. This set of symptoms sometimes is confused with another disorder called tardive dyskinesia, which mimics some of these same, odd behaviors”(Bengston, 2006). Undifferentiated schizophrenia is determined when a patient has different symptoms that come from more than one type, making it difficult to categorize them within a specific subtype. “The symptoms of any one person can fluctuate at different points in time, resulting in uncertainty as to the correct subtype classification. Other people will exhibit symptoms that are remarkably stable over time but still may not fit one of the typical subtype pictures” (Bengston, 2006). Residual schizophrenia is considered to be...
References: A.D.A.M. Medical Encyclopedia (2013). Schizophrenia - National Library of Medicine - PubMed Health. In National Center for Biotechnology Information. Retrieved December 9, 2013, from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0001925/
Bengston, M. (2006). Types of Schizophrenia. Psych Central. Retrieved on February 9, 2014, from http://psychcentral.com/lib/types-of-schizophrenia/000714
Mayo Clinic (2012, January 27). Schizophrenia - Diseases and Conditions - Mayo Clinic. Retrieved December 9, 2013, from http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/schizophrenia/DS00196
Slowik, G. (2013, April 17). Schizophrenia - What Is Schizophrenia? | ehealthMD. Retrieved December 10, 2013, from http://ehealthmd.com/content/what-schizophrenia#axzz2oK88OUls
Tartakovsky, M. (2010). Illuminating 13 Myths of Schizophrenia. Psych Central. Retrieved on February 9, 2014, from http://psychcentral.com/lib/illuminating-13-myths-of-schizophrenia/0002709
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