A Psychotic Disorder
Schizophrenia is one of the most common and puzzling psychotic (unable to tell the difference between real and unreal) disorders. It is a complex disorder that can take many forms.
Schizophrenia is a long term medical condition that causes a range of different psychological symptoms.
Doctors say that it is a psychotic illness. That sometimes a person may not be able to distinguish their own thoughts and ideas from reality.
DSM-IV-TR CRITERIA FOR SCHIZOPHRENIA
A) Two or more of the following, each present for a significant portion of time during a one-month period (or less if successfully treated):
c) Disorganized speech
d) Grossly disorganized
e) Negative symptoms
B) For a significant portion of the time since the onset of the disturbance, one or more major areas of functioning such as work or school, interpersonal relations, or self-care are markedly below the level expected for the individual or achieved prior to the onset.
C) Continuous signs of the disturbance persist for at least 6mos. This 6-month period must include at least one month of symptoms (or less if successfully treated) that meet Criterion A and may include periods of prodomal or residual periods, the signs of the disturbance may be manifested by only negative symptoms or two or more symptoms listed in Criteria A present in an attenuated form.
D) Schizoaffective disorder with psychotic features has been ruled out.
E) The disturbance is not due to the direct psychological effects of a substance or a general medical indication.
F) If there is a history of autistic disorder or any pervasive developmental disorder, the additional diagnosis of schizophrenia is made only if prominent delusions or hallucinations are also present for at least a month.
WHO ARE AFFECTED?
Before, schizophrenia is considered to be a demonic activity but at 1800s, it is already considered to be a psychological