Schizophrenia: Disease of the Brain

Good Essays
Schizophrenia is a complex brain disorder. Like many other illnesses, schizophrenia is believed to result from a combination of environmental and genetic factors. All the tools of modern science are being used to search for the causes of this disorder.
The term schizophrenia is Greek in origin, and in the Greek meant "split mind." This is not an accurate medical term. In Western culture, some people have come to believe that schizophrenia refers to a split-personality disorder. These are two very different disorders, and people with schizophrenia do not have separate personalities.
Schizophrenia is a complex and puzzling illness. Even the experts in the field are not exactly sure what causes it. Some doctors think that the brain may not be able to process information correctly.
Genetic factors appear to play a role, as people who have family members with schizophrenia may be more likely to get the disease themselves. Some researchers believe that events in a person 's environment may trigger schizophrenia. For example, problems during intrauterine development (infection) and birth may increase the risk for developing schizophrenia later in life.
Psychological and social factors may also play some role in its development. However, the level of social and familial support appears to influence the course of illness and may be protective against relapse.
No single characteristic is present in all types of schizophrenia. The risk factors include a family history of schizophrenia. Schizophrenia is thought to affect about 1% of the population worldwide. Schizophrenia is usually diagnosed in people aged 17-35 years. The illness appears earlier in men (in the late teens or early twenties) than in women (who are affected in the twenties to early thirties). Many of them are disabled. They may not be able to hold down jobs or even perform tasks as simple as conversations. Some may be so incapacitated that they are unable to do activities most people take for granted, such

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Good Essays

    Schizophrenia is a complex brain disorder. Like many other illnesses, schizophrenia is believed to result from a combination of environmental and genetic factors. All the tools of modern science are being used to search for the causes of this disorder.…

    • 1660 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    schizophrenia

    • 1052 Words
    • 5 Pages

    Schizophrenia is a mental health condition that often goes undetected or many times misdiagnosed with other mental health issues. It is one of the most disabling and emotionally devastating illnesses around. Because of its recent discovery in 2009, much is not known about this illness. Like many other diseases, schizophrenia is hereditary. It is more common than not; nearly one percent to one and a half percent of the U.S. population has been diagnosed with this disease during some point in their life (Weill College of Medicine at Cornell University). The most devastating part is that there is no cure for this disease, the good news is that there is treatable medicine that is now available. Schizophrenia is not a multiple personality disorder like many believe. Contrary to common belief people who take medicine for schizophrenia are able to live normal fulfilling lives.…

    • 1052 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Better Essays

    Schizophrenia, it’s a term many people associate with crazy, psychotic, and bizarre behaviors. This disorder has many signs and symptoms and the cause has yet to be discovered. Various studies have been conducted, but one singular cause of the disorder has not been discovered. Understanding this serious and baffling psychological disorder is an important and informative key for understanding the human psyche.…

    • 1573 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Psy Paper Schizophrenia

    • 2251 Words
    • 10 Pages

    Schizophrenia is a psychiatric disorder characterized by a wide variety of symptoms. The term schizophrenia has been subjected to many misinterpretations since first introduced. The disorder is so common and the symptoms so peculiar the term schizophrenia has become part of society’s standard vocabulary. Schizophrenia is chronic, progressive, and considered one of the most severe and frequent forms of mental disorders afflicting one percent of the population (National Institute, n.d.). Schizophrenia develops as a result of biological predisposition and environmental factors characterized by profound disruptions in the most fundamental elements of the mind including thoughts, perception, emotion, language, and a sense of self. Lines of research are converging with connections between biological predisposition and environmental factors enabling a better understanding, diagnosis, and treatment plan for schizophrenia.…

    • 2251 Words
    • 10 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Good Essays

    Also, it is unclear how Schizophrenia occurs. There are studies to prove genetics definitely play a part in Schizophrenia so we look at it using the biological approach, however, there are studies…

    • 429 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Schezophrenia

    • 1852 Words
    • 7 Pages

    Schizophrenia is a psychiatric diagnosis that describes a neuropsychiatric abnormality and a mental disorder. Schizophrenia is a mental disability described by a collapse of general thought process and by poor ability to respond emotionally (concise medical dictionary, 2010). It usually exhibits itself as auditory figment of the imagination, bizarre hallucinations or muddled thinking and speech that is accompanied by momentous social or occupational dysfunctions. The inception of symptoms naturally occurs in early adulthood, with a global life span prevalence of approximately 0.3–0.7% (van, Kapur; 2009). The basis of diagnosis is observed behavior and the reported experiences of the patient.…

    • 1852 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Better Essays

    Schizophrenia is often a lifelong illness linked with high rates of morbidity and disability for sufferers. Stanley et al (2007) describes Schizophrenia as a complex, debilitating brain disease impairing perception, cognition, volition, social communication, emotions, and causing delusional and hallucinatory experiences. The exact cause of…

    • 1576 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Better Essays

    Schizophrenia is characterised by a profound disruption of cognition and emotion, which affects a person’s language, thought, perception and sense of self. The assumptions of biological therapies are that schizophrenia can be treated physically and internally, though the use of medication and drugs etc.…

    • 1137 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    AO1 Activity 4

    • 488 Words
    • 2 Pages

    Schizophrenia is a long-term mental disorder involving a breakdown in the relation between thought, emotion, and behaviour, leading to faulty perception, inappropriate actions and feelings, withdrawal from reality and personal relationships into fantasy and delusion, and a sense of mental fragmentation. There is not yet a known cause for…

    • 488 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Schizophrenia is a brain disorder which can affect a person’s mental well-being. Suffering from schizophrenia can terrify people and make them withdrawn from family and friends or make them extremely agitated. Some people with the disorder are known to hear voices, believe people are trying to harm them or are reading their minds. The exact cause is unknown, however many scientists believe that genes and environment both play a role together. Within the brain, the level of dopamine and glutamine, both chemical messengers, may be out of balance. Another cause may come from the brain structure being slightly abnormal. For example this brain scan (see figure 1) of identical twins show that the brain on the left has much larger/fluid filled ventricles which is common for schizophrenic patients, compared with the twin that does not have the illness on the right. [1]…

    • 1808 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Good Essays

    “Schizophrenia probably develops from a variety of influences. The prime candidates are genetics and prenatal environment, aggravated by difficulties later in life” (Kalat, 2008). The National Alliance on Mental Illness (2013) says that unlike some other conditions, schizophrenia is…

    • 1808 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Better Essays

    Schizophrenia is a very serious mental disorder, if not one of the worst. This is one of the least misunderstood as well as one of the hardest to cope with. In my opinion Schizophrenia is similar to heavy drug use only without, of course, the heavy illegal drug use, The symptoms of both are often the same; paranoia, hallucinations, self-destructive behavior, and delusions are a few of the many things that a person suffering from Schizophrenia may have to deal with. Schizophrenia is not only hard on the patient but also on their friends and family.…

    • 1888 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Good Essays

    shizophrenia

    • 672 Words
    • 3 Pages

    Schizophrenia is a psychiatric disorder indicating a constant, often chronic, severe and disabling mental illness.…

    • 672 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    I chose to write my research paper over Schizophrenia. It is a psychological disorder that I have always found fascinating. It is a serious disorder that consumes a person's life and is nearly impossible to control. In this paper, I will talk about the definition of Schizophrenia, the diagnosis of Schizophrenia, Schizophrenia in children, suicide, sexually related characteristics of the disease, sleep disorders caused by the disease, differences in the disease on different ethnicities, and insensitivity to pain.…

    • 1307 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Good Essays

    Shizophrenia

    • 2921 Words
    • 12 Pages

    Schizophrenia is a long term medical condition that causes a range of different psychological symptoms.…

    • 2921 Words
    • 12 Pages
    Good Essays