Soil is the layer of broken rock particles and decaying organic matter on the surface of earth, which is essential for the growth of plants. It comprises of all the necessary nutrients that aid the growth and development of plants and trees. There are different types of soils, each one of them varying in its nature and texture. While some soils are deep rooted, the others are present on the margin. They also differentiate in their color, as some may be red while others are black. There are various types of soil and each carries with itself different nutrients, which assists in the growth of various plants and crops. Read on to get more information on various kinds of soils.
Different Types of Soil
Sandy Soil: Sandy soil is light and dry in nature. It does not have moisture content and warms up quickly in the spring. Thus, it is good for the production of early crops. Sandy soil is fit for cultivation any time of the year and is comparatively easier to manage. Since it absorbs water quickly, the plants rooted in it need to be watered frequently. *
Clay Soil: Clay soil is also called ‘late’ soil, because its wet nature makes it apt for planting seeds in late autumn. The soil serves as an excellent retort for the dry season, as it has a high water retention quality. It is necessary to drain clay soil frequently, for improving its texture. The soil becomes unmanageable during rainy season, as it becomes ‘sticky’. On the other hand, during draught, it becomes ‘rock solid’. *
Silt Soil: Slit soil is considered to be the one of the most fertile soils present on earth. It is high in nutrient content and is comparatively heavier than the sandy soil, as it retains moisture easily. However, unlike clay soil, silt soil has a good drainage facility, which makes it very productive. *
Loam Soils: Given the tag of being the perfect soil, Loamy soil is a combination of all the three - sandy soil, clay soil and silt soil, in the ratio of 40:40:20. It is...
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