Intra And Inter-Personal Competencies
I have a classmate, Sammy. She is decided of having several problems among Intra- and Inter-Personal Competencies. I have done a number of researches on the problems and they will be discussed in detail by further studies. The three main problems that Sammy may be suffered are low self-concept, negative thoughts and poor family relationship. Those problems will be proved by studies at the following.
One of the critical parts of self-concept is self-esteem. It indicates a positive or negative orientation (Rosenberg, 1979, p.14).
Level of self-esteem affects performance at many different tasks (Coopersmith, 1967, cited in Argyle, n.d.). Studies have found a significant proportion between self-esteem and grade-point-average (Baker, and beer, 1991, p.15). Besides academic achievement, intrinsic motivation may be also related to self-esteem (Skaalvik, 1997, cited in Hanna, et. Al., 2000, p.15). In this case, Sammy had an unfavorable result in the public examination and she is lack of motivation.
Low self esteem may regularly let us have a negative compare of us and others (Elliott, n.d.). Sammy always compare herself with peers and just focus on the part which advantageous to her. Therefore, she may be low self-esteem.
Dealing with low self-esteem
She could design an independent self-respect to others. Recognizing she has her own intrinsic value and worth and is a competent self (Ackerman, 2004).
According to Nah (2009), the esteem needs in Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs can be fulfilled by communication. During conversation, Sammy might be helped by trying to be interested in other people and keep a smiling face (Nah, 2009).
In order to stop negatively comparing of her (Sammy) and others, she needs to think in an alternative way about herself, instead of just repeating the banalities. A wise person said: “If you are not for yourself then who else will be?” (Elliott, n.d.).
Nevertheless, a person's self-concept may be affected by the turbulent periods of identity crisis (Self-concept, 2010). According to Eikson (cited in Erikson's stages of psychosocial development, 2010), by asking "Who am I?”, teenagers make the transition from childhood to adulthood and the state can be called identity crisis. If Sammy has a low self-esteem during the development of identity, she may have a sense of having very little status among the surroundings. She may now suffering identity crisis and having a confusing self-concept with the question “who am I?”. However, she may be anticipated toward a negative self-concept according to her parents’ nagging and results as low performance. As a result, she may be suffering identity crisis.
Solution of Identity Crisis
Erikson believed that it is essential to have enough space and time for a person to attempt and explore a immovable sense of identity during the identity crisis, which is a psychological moratorium (Stevens, 1983, cited in Erikson's stages of psychosocial development, 2010). During the psychological moratorium, she can try to do or learn the things that she ever knows. Reading and traveling can be the specific actions. These experiences can give her more chance on finding out what she actual like and value (陳清平, n.d.).
Lack of Self-efficacy
Unlike self-esteem, Self-efficacy reflects how people feel about their worth or value (Siegle, 2000). Self-efficacy expectations are beliefs which are regarding competence related to particular task or activity (Bandura, 1986, cited in Hanna, 2000, p.26). People with low self-efficacy might have a mind that tacks are much more difficult than they actual value. They will also attribute a failure to his own low ability (Pajares ,2002), therefore, they are generally lack of motivation. Sammy said that she is much lower competent than her peers. She may think that her peers are unreachable in the area...
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