Merrie Hill Final research paper
Same sex marriage has been a hot topic in the news lately, as well as in the political arena. Marriage between a man and a man or a woman and a woman are felt by many to be morally wrong, but is it really? Or do these people fear the unknown and are using morality as the excuse for their negligence of the unknown? The utilitarian follow the utilitarian moral guide lines in their beliefs utilitarian’s would not be against same sex marriages. However if the Ethical egoist follows their moral guide lines then it is believed that they would be against same sex marriages. In this paper I am going to try to show you what has brought me to these beliefs and how I believe ones morals may differ in the pursuit of society’s happiness.
Utilitarianism is about obtaining the greatest good for the greatest number of people. With that said utilitarian’s would not be against two people in love, joining together in the sanctity of marriage. According to Webster’s dictionary utilitarianism is defined as: “a theory that the aim of action should be the largest possible balance of pleasure over pain, or the greatest happiness of the greatest number.” Our ethic’s book Ethics Theory and Practice tenth edition (Thiroux and Krasemann 2009 page 317), “the basic argument against the morality of homosexuality is that it is unnatural and perverse; that is, it goes against the laws of God, traditional family values, and the moral values of Nature.” This creates the problems of not only proving that God exists, but also for people who are nonreligious. The problem for them is they would have to come to terms as to their faiths, and then as to their beliefs on marriage. Our ethics book goes on to say that; “An argument also used by nonreligious people is that homosexuality is unnatural- that is, one that goes against the moral laws of nature.” (Thiroux and Krasemann 2009 page 317). My experience with the few gay and lesbian couples, as well as the single gay and lesbians I am friends with; there is nothing unnatural with the love and bonds they have formed with each other. I have also never experienced anything perverse about them either. So, I feel unless you know every gay and lesbian person how can you make such claims or even push your beliefs onto others that don’t feel the same way as you do. I don’t like tomatoes, so does that mean everyone in my family can’t like tomatoes either?
Studies among animals in zoos and a very surprising number of them show signs or exhibit homosexual acts. Elephants, “African and Asian males will engage in same-sex bonding and mounting. Such encounters are often associated with affectionate interactions, such as kissing, trunk intertwining, and placing trunks in each other’s mouths.” (Bagemihl, Biological Exuberance, 1999 page 427-430). I feel animals are a big part of creating the laws of nature, so if elephants are engaging in homosexual activity how is it against the laws they set? “Male giraffes have been observed to engage in remarkably high frequencies of homosexual behavior. After aggressive “necking”, it is common for two male giraffes to caress and court each other, leading up to mounting and climax. Such interactions between males have been found to be more frequent than heterosexual coupling.” (Coe, “Necking” behavior in the giraffe.” Journal of Zoology 1967). Merrie Hill Final research paper
To me giraffes go about their homosexual behavior just as lovingly as two human adults would. “Both male and female lions have been seen to interact...
References: Merriam-Webster’s Dictionary Eleventh Edition (2005)
Thiroux,J., Krasemann, K. (2009) Ethics: Theory and Practice. New Jersey: Prentice Hall.
Bruce Bagemihl, Biological Exuberance: Animal Homosexuality and Natural Diversity, St. Martin 's Press, 1999; pp.427-430
Coe, M.J. (1967). "Necking" behavior in the giraffe." Journal of Zoology, London 151: 313-321.
Bruce Bagemihl, Biological Exuberance: Animal Homosexuality and Natural Diversity, St. Martin 's Press, 1999; pp.302-305. In his discussion of lion same-sex relations, Bagemihl is making use of published work by: J.B. Cooper, "An Exploratory Study on African Lions" in Comparative Psychology Monographs 17:1-48; R.L. Eaton, "The Biology and Social Behavior of Reproduction in the Lion" in Eaton, ed. The World 's Cats, vol. II; pp.3-58; Seattle, 1974; G.B. Schaller, The Serengeti Lion; University of Chicago Press, 1972
Kraut, R. (2007) What is Good and Why: The Ethics of Well-Being. Harvard University Press
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